الگو:Infobox album

از ویکی‌پدیا، دانشنامهٔ آزاد
پرش به ناوبری پرش به جستجو
توضیحات الگو[نمایش] [ویرایش] [تاریخچه] [پاکسازی]
Nirvana
Black square with the gray word "NIRVANA" in the center
Greatest hits album از
انتشار۲۹ اکتبر ۲۰۰۲ (۲۰۰۲-10-۲۹)
ضبط1988–1994
ژانرگرانج
مدت۴۹:۳۸
ناشرDGC
تهیه‌کننده
گاه‌نگاری نیروانا (گروه موسیقی)
از کناره‌های گل‌آلود ویشکا
(1996)
Nirvana
(۲۰۰۲)
With the Lights Out
(2004)

The standard ویکی‌پدیا:فهرست الگوهای موضوعی for album articles is the {{Infobox album}} template. The box to the right is an example. You can look at the راهنما:نشانه‌گذاری ویکی of this documentation page and copy-and-paste the markup to an article, replacing the information within the copy with info on the album you choose to write about.

The infobox code should be placed at the top of the article.

Code[ویرایش]

Most articles should only need the following fields (for the full list of fields see § Advanced usage). Do not remove fields from this list when the value is unknown; in that case the values should be left blank. Please note that the field names are case-sensitive.

If this template is substituted, it will return a cleaned-up copy of itself (see Wikipedia:Substitution trick) with unnecessary parameters removed and deprecated parameters replaced. Parameter indentation will also automatically be fixed.

{{subst:Infobox album
| name       = 
| type       = 
| artist     = 
| cover      = 
| alt        = 
| released   = <!-- {{تاریخ آغاز|||}} -->
| recorded   = 
| venue      = 
| studio     = 
| genre      = <!-- Do not add unsourced genres -->
| length     = 
| label      = 
| producer   = 
| prev_title = 
| prev_year  = 
| next_title = 
| next_year  = 
}}

Details[ویرایش]

Try to fill in as many of the details as you can. If some details are unknown, leave the section blank. Wikilink wherever appropriate, but make sure you check your links and ویکی‌پدیا:ابهام‌زدایی accordingly.

name[ویرایش]

The album's title should be specified using text (not a logo), which will be automatically italicized.

type[ویرایش]

The |type= field refers to the general type of album. Enter a code from the following chart. The type will appear with the appropriate color. If the type is unknown, leave the field blank.

Code Display
studio
double album by artist
demo
نسخه آزمایشی by artist
EP
آلبوم چندآهنگه by artist
single album
تک‌آهنگ by artist
live
آلبوم زنده by artist
greatest
Greatest hits album by artist
remix
آلبوم ریمیکس by artist
box
کلکسیون جعبه‌ای by artist
compilation
آلبوم گردآوری‌شده by artist
mixtape
میکس‌تیپ by artist
soundtrack
آلبوم موسیقی متن by artist
film
موسیقی فیلم by artist
cast
Cast recording by artist
video
موزیک ویدئو by artist
other
other by artist

cover[ویرایش]

An image of the official front cover of the original version of the album (or a reissue, if no original cover can be found) should be included at cover. However, unless the album cover is represented by a free image, the cover art should not be included when the infobox is used in an article whose primary topic is not the album itself, such as a musician's biography of discography. Album cover artwork may be scanned, or downloaded from another site such as آل‌میوزیک or آمازون (شرکت). Note that whether you scan one yourself or copy it from another site, when uploading an image, you must tag it properly and follow ویکی‌پدیا:محتوای غیرآزاد guidelines. Whenever possible, prefer a version without stickers (like Parental Advice, "As seen on TV", etc.) to display the artwork as intended by the artist. If you cannot find a cover image, just leave this field blank.

  • Upload a copy of the album cover (under استفاده منصفانه). The image will display in the infobox in its real size, capped by the value of the user's "Thumbnail size" parameter in his or her appearance preferences. The width of the image should usually be 220–300px; for a square image, 300 is ideal. To satisfy fair use criteria, the total number of pixels in any copyrighted image (i.e. the width in px × the height in px) should not exceed 100,000.
  • On the image description page, use the {{Non-free album cover}} image copyright tag. Selecting "Album or single cover" from the pulldown list on the image upload page will accomplish this.
  • Add detailed ویکی‌پدیا:اصول استفاده از منابع غیرآزاد for each use of the image. You can also use the {{Non-free use rationale album cover}} template.
  • Fill the template's Cover field with the name of your file (the full image syntax is not required here—just the file name with the extension).
  • Remove the request-photo or request-image template from the talk page of the article.

If nothing is entered into this field, the article will be added to the tracking category رده:جعبه اطلاعات آلبوم که پوشش ندارند. The article will also be added to the category if one of the following values is used: ???, Nocover.png, nocover.png. Setting the field to the value blank will leave the cover area empty without categorizing the article into the above category. This is useful if the cover does not exist, for example the album was not released yet, or the cover cannot be added due to other limitations.

alt[ویرایش]

Alt text for the album cover, for visually impaired readers. See ویکی‌پدیا:متن جایگزین برای تصاویر.

released[ویرایش]

Original album release date, formatted according to the ویکی‌پدیا:شیوه‌نامه/تاریخ‌ها و اعداد ("December 14, 2003" or "14 December 2003" depending on the article style, without the quotation marks). The {{start date}} template may be used here. If the day is unknown, indicate only month and year ("December 2003"); if the month is unknown indicate only the year ("2003"). Only the earliest known date that the album was released should be specified; later release dates (incl. re-issues) can be mentioned in a Release history section.

recorded[ویرایش]

Enter the date(s) the album was recorded. When there are many dates, it is best to summarize, using the month or range of months (e.g., January–March خطای عبارت: نویسه نقطه‌گذاری شناخته نشده «۲»). For multiple entries, see Notes[۱] for details. Add the location of the recording in the |studio= or |venue= field.

studio[ویرایش]

If the album was recorded in a recording studio, enter the name and location. Link the studio, but not well-known cities, states, or countries (see ویکی‌پدیا:شیوه‌نامه/پیونددهی). Remove "Studios" if it appears in the name – use [[Sound City Studios|Sound City]] rather than [[Sound City Studios]]. For multiple entries, see Notes[۲] for details.

venue[ویرایش]

For live recordings, include the name of the venue (concert hall, stadium, etc.) and location. Link as appropriate.

genre[ویرایش]

The field should include the music genre(s) that best describes the album. It should come from a ویکی‌پدیا:منابع معتبر and also be stated and referenced in the body of the article; personal opinions or ویکی‌پدیا:تحقیق دست‌اول ممنوع must be not be included. Genres should be linked (piped linked where needed), for example, "Rock, pop" should link to موسیقی راک and موسیقی پاپ respectively. Note that most genres aren't proper nouns, and shouldn't be capitalized, but the first word in the list should be. For multiple entries, see Notes[۲] for details.

length[ویرایش]

The length of the album should be specified in minutes and seconds, even if it is longer than one hour, for example 74:23. A microformat is added automatically for the first duration detected. The duration must contain a seconds value, or it will be incorrectly interpreted. If there is more than one length specified in the parameter, use {{duration}}. It may be helpful to include a source in a comment, such as <!--CD liner notes-->.

Several albums have been released with bonus tracks or multiple track listings. In this case, just list the length of the original release. In the case of albums which are released with multiple track listings simultaneously, only list the most common length or that of the standard edition of the album.

label[ویرایش]

Only the ناشر موسیقی that the album was originally released on should be specified. Where significantly different versions have been released (featuring alternative track listings) e.g. in the US vs UK, the later release date or record label should be mentioned in the article, for example in a ویکی‌پدیا:ویکی‌پروژه آلبوم‌ها section. Drop words like "Records" from the end of the label's name (e.g. use [[یونیورسال میوزیک گروپ]] rather than [[یونیورسال میوزیک گروپ]]). For multiple entries, see Notes[۲] for details.

producer[ویرایش]

Enter the name of the person(s) credited with the تهیه‌کننده موسیقی. This is someone who oversees the recording process and is usually different from the artist or songwriter. For multiple entries, see Notes[۲] for details.

Professional reviews[ویرایش]

Formerly, a Reviews field was included in this template. Professional reviews may no longer be included in the infobox, but should be described in paragraph form in a "Reception" section. See Wikipedia:WikiProject Albums/Article body#Critical reception. The template {{Album ratings}} can be used to illustrate review scores in this section.

Chronology[ویرایش]

This group of fields establishes a timeline of an artist's releases. In general, all albums and EPs should be placed in a single, chronological chain in order of release date (تک‌آهنگs have a الگو:جعبه اطلاعات ترانه, and thus a separate chain). Exceptions may be appropriate for artists with very complex discographies which may warrant more than one chain. If the previous or next release has a Wikipedia article, راهنما:فهرست/پیوندها the title to the corresponding article. Take care to maintain the integrity of chains, so that when release "A" points to "B" as the next release, "B" points back to "A" as the previous release.

Wikipedia's ویکی‌پدیا:شیوه‌نامه/تاریخ‌ها و اعداد recommend that years should not be linked within the chronology section. Cover images should not be included in the chronology, as that would not be ویکی‌پدیا:محتوای غیرآزاد.

No more than one album should be included in any of the three slots in the chronology. Some albums can be part of more than one chain, using an "additional chronologies" section. Albums released on the same day should be listed separately, ordered using the standard ordering of those albums, or alphabetically if no such standard exists.

|prev_title= and |prev_year= specify the previous album in the chain and its title. If the current album is the first album in a chain, this field should be blank.

|next_title= and |next_year= specify the next album in the chain and its title. If the current album is the last album in a chain, this field should be blank.

At least one of the title fields must have a value filled in for the chronology to display. If the year displayed for the current article's album is incorrect, then it can be specified manually using |year=.

Advanced usage[ویرایش]

Together
Example image
Original LP cover
double album از
انتشار۲۳ سپتامبر ۱۹۶۹ (۱۹۶۹-09-۲۳)
ضبط1969
ژانرموسیقی پاپ, موسیقی سول
ناشرموتاون
تهیه‌کنندهFrank Wilson, اسموکی رابینسون, Al Clevland, Terry Johnson, Tom Baird, Henry Cosby, Deke Richards
سوپریمز
Let the Sunshine In
(1969)
Together
(۱۹۶۹)
Cream of the Crop
(1969)


{{{این آلبوم}}}

تک‌آهنگ‌های Together
  1. «The Weight»
  2. «Why (Must We Fall in Love)»

In special situations, additional fields may be applicable. Unused fields may be either left blank or deleted.

{{subst:Infobox album
| italic_title = 
| name         = 
| type         = 
| longtype     = 
| artist       = 
| cover        = 
| border       = 
| alt          = 
| caption      = 
| released     = 
| recorded     = 
| venue        = 
| studio       = 
| genre        = 
| length       = 
| language     = <!-- Do not use for English albums by English-speaking artists -->
| label        = 
| director     = 
| producer     = 
| compiler     = 
| chronology   = 
| prev_title   = 
| prev_year    = 
| year         = 
| next_title   = 
| next_year    = 
| misc         = 
}}

italic_title[ویرایش]

Per the ویکی‌پدیا:قواعد نام‌گذاری, titles that are rendered in italics in running prose are also displayed in italics in the page title. By default, the infobox achieves this automatically for album articles. If the page title is not the album title, as when only a section is devoted to an album, and in unusual cases where the title would not be italicized in running prose, such as untitled Korn album, set this parameter to "no" to prevent the page title from being italicized.

longtype[ویرایش]

This field can be used if you wish to include information such as the title of the film that an album is the soundtrack to, or the name of the artist that a tribute album is in honor of. The text in this field appears between the type and the word "by".

border[ویرایش]

Choosing "yes" here will insert a 1px grey border around the cover image. This is useful for instances where the image and the background will blend together.

caption[ویرایش]

If the album has been issued with different front covers, which version the image refers to should be noted here.

language[ویرایش]

This field should identify what زبان(s) are used in the متن ترانه of the album. Do not forget to ویکی‌پدیا:ابهام‌زدایی and pipe link when necessary. For example, if an album's lyrics are in English and French, you would use English, [[زبان فرانسوی]]. Do not use this field for albums entirely in the English language, by English-speaking artists.

director[ویرایش]

This field is only applicable to موزیک ویدئوs. The name of the director should be linked to the corresponding article. For multiple entries, see Notes[۲] for details.

compiler[ویرایش]

This field is only applicable to آلبوم گردآوری‌شدهs of any kind where the person or entity responsible for selecting the album's track listing is known. For multiple entries, see Notes[۲] for details.

chronology[ویرایش]

This field can be used when the album belongs to an overall series that is not adequately described by the artist's name alone; in these situations, the text entered in this field replaces the artist name that would normally be displayed preceding "chronology". Examples include series of compilation albums compiled by different people, and series of soundtracks (which are often "various artists" collections).

misc[ویرایش]

A number of templates exist that can be inserted in the misc field, including {{Extra album cover}}, {{Extra chronology}}, {{Singles}} and {{Audio sample}}. If you use any of these templates, don't forget to add a second set of closing brackets for the nested template. However, please ensure if you add additional non-free images, that the use complies with the ویکی‌پدیا:معیارهای محتوای غیرآزاد.

Template:Extra chronology[ویرایش]

Additional chronologies are generally useful for split albums, collaborative albums, and series of albums.

{{Infobox album
...
| misc       = {{گاه‌نگاری اضافی
 | artist     = 
 | type       = 
 | prev_title = 
 | prev_year  = 
 | title      = 
 | year       = 
 | next_title = 
 | next_year  = 
 }}
}}

The artist field should be the artist that this additional chronology reflects, for example one of the artists on a split album. The type field should contain the same type as the rest of the infobox. The format of the other fields is the same as the standard chronology (see above).

Template:Extra album cover[ویرایش]

If the album has been released with different album covers, they can be added to the infobox using this template. However, per ویکی‌پدیا:معیارهای محتوای غیرآزاد use of non-free content is to be minimal, and not to be used if one item can convey equivalent significant information. An alternative cover that is significantly different from the original and is widely distributed and/or replaces the original has generally been held to pass this criterion. Also, an alternative cover that is the subject of specific (sourced) critical commentary passes the criteria for inclusion. Covers that are essentially similar, despite differences in colouring, poses, text, etc, should not be included.

{{Infobox album
...
| misc    = {{subst:Extra album cover
 | header  = 
 | type    = studio
 | cover   = 
 | border  = <!-- optional parameter, type "yes" here to add a 1px border to the cover image -->
 | alt     = 
 | caption = 
}}
}}

The caption field allows for an optional explanatory text. It should mention where that cover was used (int'l release, re-release, censored original, etc.). As with the {{گاه‌نگاری اضافی}} template, the type field should contain the same type as the rest of the infobox.

Template:Singles[ویرایش]

The {{Singles}} template may be used as a miscellaneous addition to the infobox providing concise information about songs on the album that were released as singles during the marketing and promotion of the album. Promotional activity for extremely popular albums may continue for a long time, and songs from the album may be released as singles a year or more after the album's initial release. For example, songs from the album تریلر (آلبوم) were released as singles for more than a year after the release of the album, and such singles are considered to be from the album.

  1. Do not include singles that were added as bonus tracks on a re-release of an album.
  2. For songs that appear on more than one album, list the song as a single only for the album(s) where the single was released as part of the marketing and promotion of that album. Examples:
    • If a song is originally released as a single during the marketing and promotion of an album on which it also appears, and is subsequently included on a compilation album, list the song as a single only for the original album and not for the compilation album.
    • If a song is originally released as an album track only, but is subsequently released as a single to promote the release of a compilation album, include the song as a single only for the compilation album.

For complex release scenarios where it may not be obvious that a single was released as part of the marketing and promotion of the album on which it appears, seek consensus on the talk page for the album.

The output includes the name of the single and its release date, and the list should be in sequence by release date. You may list up to twelve (12) singles per album. This infobox should be placed in the "Misc" field as shown below, using the field cases also shown below. Any unused fields may be left out. Further usage information can be found on the الگو:Singles.

{{Infobox album
...
| misc       = {{Singles
 | name        = 
 | type        = 
 | single1     = 
 | single1date = 
 | single2     = 
 | single2date = 
 | single3     = 
 | single3date = 
 | single4     = 
 | single4date = 
 }}
}}
name 
The name of the album.
type 
The album type (as specified above in the section "Type").
single# 
The name of the single. Should be wikilinked to the single's article, if applicable.
single#date 
The date of single release. Should be entered in ویکی‌پدیا:شیوه‌نامه/تاریخ‌ها و اعداد format. If the full date is unknown, just use "Month Year" or "Year". Do not use the {{start date}} template in this field.

Note that all fields are already properly formatted, so italics or quotation marks need not be entered in fields.

Notes[ویرایش]

  1. For multiple entries, this parameter uses class=plainlist. Format the items as a normal bulleted list; don't use other list templates or <br/>. For example:
    | studio =
    *First item
    *Second item
    *Third item

    will be displayed as a vertical unbulleted list:

    Studio   
    • First item
    • Second item
    • Third item
  2. ۲٫۰ ۲٫۱ ۲٫۲ ۲٫۳ ۲٫۴ ۲٫۵ For short horizontal lists of two or three items, comma separators are acceptable, but for longer lists the use of the class=hlist is preferred as it offers a benefit to users of screen readers (see ویکی‌پدیا:شیوه‌نامه/دسترسی‌پذیری for more information on Web Content Accessibility Guidelines). To use it, format the items as a normal bulleted list; don't use other list templates or <br/>. For example:
    | genre =
    *Item one
    *Item two
    *Item three

    will be displayed as a horizontal list separated by middots:

    Genre   
    • Item one
    • Item two
    • Item three

Microformats[ویرایش]

The HTML mark up produced by this template includes an hCalendar microformat, which makes the event details تجزیه‌کننده by computers, either acting automatically to catalogue article across Wikipedia, or via a browser tool operated by a person, to (for example) add the subject to a calendar or diary application. For more information about the use of microformats on Wikipedia, please see the microformat project.

Dates will only appear if you use {{Start date}} or {{End date}} (use the former for single dates).

hCalendar uses HTML classes including:

  • "dtend"
  • "dtstart"
  • "location"
  • "summary"
  • "vevent"

The HTML mark up produced by this template includes an hAudio microformat, which makes the recording's details تجزیه‌کننده by computers, either acting automatically to catalogue articles across Wikipedia, or via a browser tool operated by a person, to (for example) add the subject to a playlist or database. For more information about the use of microformats on Wikipedia, please see the microformat project.

Date-of-publication ("published") information will only be included in the microformat if {{Start date}} (or {{Start date and age}} where appropriate) is used in a parent template or infobox (but do not use these if the date is before 1583 CE).

For the length or duration of a recording, say 3 minutes 45 seconds, use {{Duration}} thus: {{Duration|m=3|s=45}}, which renders as ۳:۴۵. An optional h parameter can be used for hours.

hAudio uses HTML classes including:

  • haudio
  • fn
  • album
  • description
  • category
  • contributor
  • duration
  • h
  • item
  • min
  • photo
  • position
  • price
  • published
  • s

Please do not rename or remove these classes; nor collapse nested elements which use them.

TemplateData[ویرایش]

این توضیحاتِ داده‌های الگو این الگو است که توسط ویرایشگر دیداری و دیگر ابزارها استفاده می‌شود.

Infobox album

The standard infobox for album articles.

پارامترهای الگو

این الگو، قالب‌بندی شخصی‌سازی‌شده دارد

پارامترتوضیحاتنوعوضعیت
Italic titleitalic_title

By default the infobox causes the page title to be in italics. Set this to 'no' to leave the page title in normal style.

رشتهاختیاری
Namename

Name of the album.

مثال
Nirvana
رشتهپیشنهادشده
Album typetype

One of: 'studio', 'demo', 'ep', 'live', 'greatest' (for greatest hits), 'remix', 'box' (for box sets), 'compilation', 'mixtape', 'soundtrack', 'film', 'cast', 'video', 'other'. Determines the colour used for the infobox.

مثال
greatest
رشتهپیشنهادشده
Longtypelongtype

Can be used if you wish to include information such as the title of the film that an album is the soundtrack to, or the name of the artist that a tribute album is in honor of.

رشتهاختیاری
Artistartist

Name of the artist; should be linked.

مثال
[[نیروانا (گروه موسیقی)]]
رشتهضروری
Artworkcover image

An image of the official front cover of the original version of the album. The image should normally have a {{جلد آلبوم}} image copyright tag and rationale on the image description page.

مثال
Nirvana album cover.svg
پروندهپیشنهادشده
Borderborder

Setting to 'yes' here will insert a 1px grey border around the cover image.

مثال
yes
رشتهاختیاری
Alt textalt

Text describing the album cover for visually-impaired readers.

مثال
Black square with the gray word "NIRVANA" in the center
رشتهپیشنهادشده
Captioncaption

If the album has been issued with different front covers, which version the image refers to should be noted here.

رشتهاختیاری
Release datereleased

Original album release date. e.g. 'December 14, 2003' or '14 December 2003' depending on the article style.

مثال
{{تاریخ آغاز|2002|10|29}}
رشتهپیشنهادشده
Recordedrecorded

Details on where and when the album was recorded.

رشتهاختیاری
Venuevenue

Place where a live album was recorded.

رشتهاختیاری
Studiostudio

Place where a studio album was recorded.

رشتهاختیاری
Genregenre

One or more music genres that the album reflects, delimited by a comma and linked to corresponding articles.

رشتهپیشنهادشده
Lengthlength

The length of the album in minutes and seconds. Use Template:Duration.

مثال
{{Duration|m=49|s=38}}
رشتهپیشنهادشده
Languagelanguage

Language or languages used in the lyrics of the album.

مثال
[[زبان فرانسوی]]
رشتهاختیاری
Labellabel

The record label that the album was originally released on.

مثال
[[DGC Records|DGC]]
رشتهپیشنهادشده
Directordirector

For video albums. The name of the director.

رشتهاختیاری
Producerproducer

The name of the producer or producers. The names can be delimited by commas or {{فهرست یک‌دست}}.

مثال
[[جرج مارتین]]
رشتهپیشنهادشده
Compilercompiler

Only for compilations. The person or entity responsible for selecting the album's track.

رشتهاختیاری
Previous release titleprev_title

Title of the previous release in the artist's chronology. Link when appropriate.

مثال
[[از کناره‌های گل‌آلود ویشکا]]
رشتهپیشنهادشده
Previous release yearprev_year

Year of the previous release in the artist's chronology.

مثال
1996
تاریخپیشنهادشده
Yearyear

Year the album was released. Usually not necessary; release date should be in the "release date" parameter

مثال
2002
تاریخاختیاری
Next release titlenext_title

Title of the next release in the artist's chronology. Link when appropriate.

مثال
[[With the Lights Out]]
رشتهپیشنهادشده
Next release yearnext_year

Year of the next release in the artist's chronology.

مثال
2004
تاریخپیشنهادشده
Previous albumlast_album

The previous album. Name in italics and date.

مثال
''[[از کناره‌های گل‌آلود ویشکا]]''<br />(1996)
رشتهمنسوخ‌شده
This albumthis_album

This album for the chronology, bold and italic.

مثال
'''''Nirvana''''' <br /> (2002)
رشتهمنسوخ‌شده
Next albumnext_album

The next album. Name in italics and date.

مثال
''[[With the Lights Out]]''<br />(2004)
رشتهمنسوخ‌شده
Chronologychronology

Name used as heading for Chronology. Default is the artist's name.

رشتهاختیاری
Miscellaneousmisc

Other details can include templates {{گاه‌نگاری اضافی}}, {{Extra album cover}}, and {{Singles}}.

رشتهاختیاری

Tracking categories[ویرایش]

See also[ویرایش]