استان کولنا

از ویکی‌پدیا، دانشنامهٔ آزاد
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فارسیEnglish
استان کولنا
استان‌های بنگلادش
موقعیت استان کولنا در نقشه
موقعیت استان کولنا در نقشه
مختصات: ۲۲°۵۵′ شمالی ۸۹°۱۵′ شرقی / ۲۲٫۹۱۷°شمالی ۸۹٫۲۵۰°شرقی / 22.917; 89.250مختصات: ۲۲°۵۵′ شمالی ۸۹°۱۵′ شرقی / ۲۲٫۹۱۷°شمالی ۸۹٫۲۵۰°شرقی / 22.917; 89.250
کشور بنگلادش
پایتختخولنا
مساحت
 • کل۲۲٬۲۸۴٫۲۲ کیلومتر مربع (۸٬۶۰۰ مایل مربع)
جمعیت (سرشماری ۲۰۱۱)
 • جمعیت۱۵۶۸۷۷۵۹
 • تراکم۷۰۰/km۲ (۱٬۸۰۰/sq mi)
منطقهٔ زمانیزمان استاندارد بنگلادش (یوتی‌سی +۶)

استان کولنا (به لاتین: Khulna Division) یک استان در بنگلادش است.[۱]

خصوصیات[ویرایش]

استان کولنا ۲۲٬۲۸۴٫۲۲ کیلومترمربع مساحت و ۱۵٬۶۸۷٬۷۵۹ نفر جمعیت دارد.

جستارهای وابسته[ویرایش]

منابع[ویرایش]

  1. مشارکت کنندگان ویکی‌پدیای انگلیسی. «Khulna Division».
Khulna Division

খুলনা বিভাগ
Location of Khulna
Location of Khulna
Districts of Khulna Division
Districts of Khulna Division
Coordinates: 22°55′N 89°15′E / 22.917°N 89.250°E / 22.917; 89.250Coordinates: 22°55′N 89°15′E / 22.917°N 89.250°E / 22.917; 89.250
Country Bangladesh
Established1960
CapitalKhulna
Area
 • Total22,284.22 km2 (8,603.99 sq mi)
Population
 (2011 census)
 • Total15,687,759
 • Density700/km2 (1,800/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+6 (IST)
ISO 3166 codeBD-D
HDI (2017)0.620[1]
medium
Notable sport teamsKhulna Titans, Khulna Division
Websitekhulna.gov.bd

Khulna Division (Bengali: খুলনা বিভাগ) is one of the eight divisions of Bangladesh. It has an area of 22,285 km2 and a population of 15,563,000 at the 2011 Census (preliminary returns). Its headquarters is Khulna city in Khulna District.

Geography

The Khulna division borders the North 24 Parganas district and South 24 Parganas district of West Bengal to the west, the Rajshahi Division to the north, the Dhaka division and the Barisal division to the east, and has a coastline on the Bay of Bengal to the south. It is part of the Ganges River delta or Greater Bengal Delta. Other rivers include the Madhumati River, the Bhairab River and the Kopotokkho River. The region also includes several islands in the Bay of Bengal.

Administrative districts

The division was formed in 1960.[2] Khulna Division consists of the following ten districts (zilas), subdivided into 59 sub-districts (upazilas):[3]

District Administrative
centre
Area in
km2.
Population
1991 Census
Population
2001 Census
Population
2011 Census
Bagerhat District Bagerhat 3,959.11 1,431,322 1,549,031 1,476,090
Chuadanga District Chuadanga 1,174.10 807,164 1,007,130 1,129015
Jessore District Jessore 2,606.94 2,106,996 2,471,554 2,764,547
Jhenaidah District Jhenaidah 1,964.77 1,361,280 1,579,490 1,771,304
Khulna District Khulna 4,394.45 2,010,643 2,378,971 2,318,527
Kushtia District Kushtia 1,608.80 1,502,126 1,740,155 1,946,838
Magura District Magura 1,039.10 724,027 824,311 918,419
Meherpur District Meherpur 751.62 491,917 591,430 655,392
Narail District Narail 967.99 655,720 698,447 721,668
Satkhira District Satkhira 3,817.29 1,597,178 1,864,704 1,985,959
Total 10 22,284.22 12,688,3832 14,705,223 15,687,759

Economy

Most parts of the largest mangrove forest in the world — the Sundarban — is spread over the three most southerly districts of Satkhira, Khulna and Bagherhat.

Education

The division contains educational institutions including:

Universities

Public Universities

Private Universities

Medical Colleges

Public

Private

Colleges
Polytechnic Institutes
  • Khulna Polytechnic Institute
  • City Polytechnic Institute, Khulna
  • Mangrove Institute of Science and Technology
  • North South Polytechnic Institute Khulna
  • Jhenaidah Polytechnic Institute
  • Khanjahan Ali college of Engineering and Technology
  • BCMC College of Engineering & Technology
  • Khulna Mohila Polytechnic Institute
  • Kushtia Polytechnic Institute
  • Satkhira Polytechnic Institute
  • Magura Polytechnic Institute
Schools
  • Khulna Zilla School
  • Government Daulatpur Muhsin High School
  • Govt. Coronation Girls’ High School-khulna
  • Islamabad Collegiate School, Basupara, Khulna
  • Dighalia M.A. Majid Secondary School, Khulna
  • Fatima Girls High School, Khulna
  • Jessore Cantonment Public School
  • Keshobpur Pilot School & College, Jessore
  • Khulna Collegiate Girls School
  • Khulna Engineering University School
  • Khulna Lions Schools
  • Adarsho Girls' School, Keshobpur, Jessore
  • Kumira High School
  • M.M. High School
  • Mangolkot M.L High School, Keshobpur, Jessore
  • Rev. Paul High School
  • Rosedale International School
  • Rotary School, Khalishpur, Khulna
  • S.B.S.N, Damoder
  • St. Joseph's High School, Khulna
  • St. Xavier's High School, Khulna
  • Udayan Khulna Zilla Police School
  • Kushtia Zilla School
  • Kushtia Government Girls High School
  • Magura Govt. High School
Other educational institutes

Khulna has six integrated general and vocational (IGV) schools and one technical school of UCEP (Underprivileged Children's Educational Programs), which is a non-profitable organization.

  • UCEP-K C C School, Rupsha
  • UCEP-Sonadanga School, Sonadanga
  • UCEP-M A Majid School, Fulbarigate
  • UCEP-Khalishpur School, Khalishpur
  • UCEP-Zohra Samad School, Tootpara
  • UCEP-Wazed Ali School, Banorgati

The technical school is Khulna Mohsin Technical School, which is situated at 7, Junction Road, Baikali, Khulna.

Kushtia Zilla School, Kushtia is one of the best schools in Khulna division. In higher secondary level Kushtia Govt. College, Kushtia is playing the same role as KZS, and thus in Khulna division education level increasing day by day.

Newspapers and magazines

Daily and weekly newspapers are published from Khulna, including:

Daily Gramer Kagoj Daily Spondon Daily Lokshomaj

Points of interest

Sixty Dome Mosque - Situated in the suburbs of Bagerhat, at the meeting-point of the Ganges and Brahmaputra rivers, this ancient city, formerly known as Khalifatabad, was founded by the Turkish general Ulugh Khan Jahan in the 15th century. The city's infrastructure reveals considerable technical skill and an exceptional number of mosques and early Islamic monuments, many built of brick, can be seen there.[7]

The Sundarbans mangrove forest, one of the largest such forests in the world (140,000 ha), lies on the delta of the Ganges, Brahmaputra and Meghna rivers on the Bay of Bengal. It is adjacent to the border of India's Sundarbans World Heritage site inscribed in 1987. The site is intersected by a complex network of tidal waterways, mudflats and small islands of salt-tolerant mangrove forests, and presents an excellent example of ongoing ecological processes. The area is known for its wide range of fauna, including 260 bird species, the Bengal tiger and other threatened species such as the estuarine crocodile and the Indian python.[8]

Lalon is Bengali Baul saint. Lalon Shah was a songwriter, social reformer, and thinker.  He is most popular as Lalon Shah or Lalon Fakir. He wrote many songs, and these songs are known as Lalon Geeti. Fakir Lalon was born in 1774 and died on 17 October 1890 in Kushtia district, Bangladesh. He is known as the Baul Samrat.

1971: Genocide-Torture Archive & Museum - Rare pictures and paintings depicting the genocide of Bangalees by the Pakistan army hang on the wall. There is also a rich collection of books and audio-visual materials on the ruthless massacre against the unarmed people.The aim of the museum is to educate people, especially youths, about the genocide committed by the Pakistan army in association with their local collaborators, said Prof Muntassir Mamoon, chairman of the trustee board that runs the institution.[9]

Religion

Islam is in majority and about 88% of total population follow Islam according to 2011. Hinduism is second largest religion in Khulna and about 11% of total population are Hindu,1% follow other religion.[citation needed]

Language

Bengali and English is the widely spoken language in Khulna division like its counterparts.There are also some Biharis who speaks especially concentrated in the Kushtia district.

Notable persons

220px-NilimaIbrahimPic

Shakib Al Hasan [10]
Firoz Mahmud, visual artist and educator
Michael Madhusudan Dutt who was a popular 19-c. Bengali poet and a pioneer dramatist

See also

References

  1. ^ "Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab". hdi.globaldatalab.org. Retrieved 2018-09-13.
  2. ^ Sajahan Miah (2012). "Khulna Division". In Sirajul Islam and Ahmed A. Jamal (ed.). Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh. Archived from the original on 2016-03-04.
  3. ^ Census figures for 1991, 2001 and 2011 are from Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics, Population Census Wing. The 2011 Census figures are based on preliminary results.
  4. ^ [1] Archived 2011-02-02 at the Wayback Machine
  5. ^ http://www.khulnanews.com Archived 2011-02-08 at the Wayback Machine
  6. ^ http://www.khulnainfo.com Archived 2003-12-25 at the Wayback Machine
  7. ^ Centre, UNESCO World Heritage. "Historic Mosque City of Bagerhat". UNESCO World Heritage Centre. Retrieved 2019-04-11.
  8. ^ Centre, UNESCO World Heritage. "Historic Mosque City of Bagerhat". UNESCO World Heritage Centre. Retrieved 2019-04-11.
  9. ^ "Welcome to the genocide museum". The Daily Star. 2017-03-24. Retrieved 2019-04-11.
  10. ^ "3rd ODI: Bangladesh v Zimbabwe at Dhaka, Jan 23, 2009 – Cricket Scorecard – ESPN Cricinfo". Retrieved 27 October 2016.