اریک دمین

از ویکی‌پدیا، دانشنامهٔ آزاد
پرش به ناوبری پرش به جستجو
فارسیEnglish
اریک دمین
Erik Demaine 2005.jpg
زاده۲۸ فوریهٔ ۱۹۸۱ ‏(۳۸ سال)
هلیفکس، نوا اسکوشیا
محل سکونتکمبریج، ماساچوست
ملیتکانادا
محل تحصیلدانشگاه دالهاوزی
دانشگاه واترلو
جایزه‌هاMacArthur Fellow (2003), Nerode Prize (2015)
موقعیت‌های علمی
مؤسسه‌هامؤسسه فناوری ماساچوست
پایان‌نامهFolding and Unfolding (۲۰۰۱)
استاد راهنما
دانشجوهای دکتری

اریک دمین (انگلیسی: Erik Demaine؛ زادهٔ ۲۸ فوریهٔ ۱۹۸۱) یک استاد علوم رایانه در دانشگاه مؤسسه فناوری ماساچوست است و پیشتر نابغه‌ای خردسال بود.

منابع[ویرایش]

  • مشارکت‌کنندگان ویکی‌پدیا. «Erik Demaine». در دانشنامهٔ ویکی‌پدیای انگلیسی، بازبینی‌شده در ۳ ژانویه ۲۰۱۷.
  • «Erik_Demaine». دریافت‌شده در ۳ ژانویه ۲۰۱۷.

پیوند به بیرون[ویرایش]

Erik D. Demaine
Erik Demaine 2005.jpg
Born (1981-02-28) February 28, 1981 (age 38)
ResidenceCambridge, Massachusetts
NationalityCanadian and American
Alma materDalhousie University
University of Waterloo
AwardsMacArthur Fellow (2003)
Nerode Prize (2015)
ACM Fellow (2016)
Scientific career
InstitutionsMassachusetts Institute of Technology
ThesisFolding and Unfolding (2001)
Doctoral advisor
Doctoral students

Erik D. Demaine (born 28 February 1981) is a professor of Computer Science at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and a former child prodigy.

Early life and education

Demaine was born in Halifax, Nova Scotia, to artist sculptor Martin L. Demaine and Judy Anderson. From the age of 7, he was identified as a child prodigy and spent time traveling across North America with his father.[1] He was home-schooled during that time span until entering university at the age of 12.[2][3]

Demaine completed his bachelor's degree at 14 years of age at Dalhousie University in Canada, and completed his PhD at the University of Waterloo by the time he was 20 years old.[4][5] Demaine's PhD dissertation, a work in the field of computational origami, was completed at the University of Waterloo under the supervision of Anna Lubiw and Ian Munro.[6][7] This work was awarded the Canadian Governor General's Gold Medal from the University of Waterloo and the NSERC Doctoral Prize (2003) for the best PhD thesis and research in Canada. The content of this thesis was later incorporated into a collection of academic works on geometric folding published in 2007.[8]

Professional accomplishments

Erik Demaine (left), Martin Demaine (center), and Bill Spight (right) watch John Horton Conway demonstrate a card trick (June 2005)

Demaine joined the faculty of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) in 2001 at age 20, reportedly the youngest professor in the history of MIT,[4][9] and was promoted to full professorship in 2011. Demaine is a member of the Theory of Computation group at MIT Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory.

Mathematical origami artwork by Erik and Martin Demaine was part of the Design and the Elastic Mind exhibit at the Museum of Modern Art in 2008, and has been included in the MoMA permanent collection.[10] That same year, he was one of the featured artists in Between the Folds, an international documentary film about origami practitioners which was later broadcast on PBS television. He is president of the board of directors of Gathering 4 Gardner.[11]

Honours and awards

In 2003, Demaine was awarded the MacArthur Fellowship, the so-called "genius grant".[12]

In 2013, Demaine received the EATCS Presburger Award for young scientists. The award citation listed accomplishments including his work on the carpenter's rule problem, hinged dissection, prefix sum data structures, competitive analysis of binary search trees, graph minors, and computational origami.[13] That same year, he was awarded a fellowship by the John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Foundation.[14]

For his work on bidimensionality, he was the winner of the Nerode Prize in 2015 along with his co-authors Fedor Fomin, Mohammad T. Hajiaghayi, and Dimitrios Thilikos. The work was the study of a general technique for developing both fixed-parameter tractable exact algorithms and approximation algorithms for a class of algorithmic problems on graphs.[15]

In 2016, he became a fellow at the Association for Computing Machinery.[16] He was given an honorary doctorate by Bard College in 2017.[17]

References

  1. ^ Kher, Unmesh (2005-09-04). "Calculating Change: Why Origami Is Critical to New Drugs: The Folded Universe". TIME. Retrieved 28 February 2011.
  2. ^ Barry, Ellen (2002-02-17). "Road Scholar Finds Home at MIT". Boston Globe. Retrieved 2008-04-15.
  3. ^ Nadis, Steve (2003-01-18). "Prodigy prof skipped school until he started college at 12". New Scientist. Retrieved 2013-11-10.
  4. ^ a b Wertheim, Margaret (2005-02-15). "Origami as the Shape of Things to Come". The New York Times. Retrieved 2008-04-15.
  5. ^ O'Brien, Danny (2005-08-19). "Commercial origami starts to take shape". Irish Times. Retrieved 2008-04-15.
  6. ^ Erik Demaine at the Mathematics Genealogy Project
  7. ^ "National honour for Demaine". University of Waterloo. 2003-03-31. Retrieved 2008-04-15.
  8. ^ Demaine, Erik; O'Rourke, Joseph (July 2007). Geometric Folding Algorithms: Linkages, Origami, Polyhedra. Cambridge University Press. pp. Part II. ISBN 978-0-521-85757-4.
  9. ^ Beasley, Sandra (2006-09-22). "Knowing when to fold". American Scholar. 75 (4).
  10. ^ Curved Origami Sculpture, Erik and Martin Demaine.
  11. ^ "About Gathering 4 Gardner Foundation". Gathering 4 Gardner.
  12. ^ Neal, Rome (October 4, 2003). "Behind The 'Genius Grants'". CBS News. Retrieved 29 August 2017.
  13. ^ "Presburger Award 2013". Retrieved 15 February 2013.
  14. ^ "Erik Demaine at the John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Foundation". Archived from the original on 30 April 2013. Retrieved 23 April 2013.
  15. ^ Hajiaghayi Wins 2015 Nerode Prize, University of Maryland Institute for Advanced Computer Studies, May 8, 2015, retrieved 2015-09-03.
  16. ^ "ACM Fellows":Erik Demaine
  17. ^ "Congressman John Lewis will deliver commencement address at Bard", Hudson Valley One, February 22, 2017

External links