آنا ماریا لوئیزا ایتالیانو (به انگلیسی: Anna Maria Louisa Italiano) با نام هنری آن بنکرافت (به انگلیسی: Anne Bancroft) (زاده ۱۷ سپتامبر ۱۹۳۱ - درگذشته ۶ ژوئن ۲۰۰۵) هنرپیشه آمریکایی و از هنرمندان مکتب بازیگری متد بود.
آنا ماریا لوئیزا ایتالیانو، در ۱۷ سپتامبر ۱۹۳۱ در محله برانکس نیویورک به دنیا آمد همیشه شوق بازیگری داشت و در سن پائین با نام «ان مارنو» کار بازیگری در نمایشهای زنده تلویزیونی را شروع کرد. در جوانی تحت تعلیم لی استراسبورگ در «آموزشگاه متد اکتینگ» قرار گرفت. ابتدا در نمایشهای زنده تلویزیونی به بازی پرداخت و سپس به هالیوود رفت.
وقتی در سالهای ۱۹۵۰ کار بازیگری سینما را شروع کرد. تهیهکنندهها که نام هُنری "آن مارنو' را غیر آمریکایی تشخیص داده بودند اسامی دیگری به او پیشنهاد کردند. خود او میگفت اسم بنکرافت را انتخاب کرد چون آوای پر تشخصی داشته است. بازی در فیلم را از سال ۱۹۵۲ و در فیلم لطفاً مزاحم نشوید (در مقابل مریلین مونرو) آغاز کرد. او در سال ۱۹۵۸، در نمایش برادوی به نام دو نفر برای الهکلنگ در مقابل هنری فوندا بازی کرد و موفق به دریافت جایزه تونی برای این بازی شد.
علیرغم تعداد اندک فیلمهایی که در سالهای دهه شصت میلادی بازی کرد در همین سالها سه بار نامزد جایزه اسکار شد. او پنج بار نامزد دریافت جایزه اسکار شد و سرانجام در سال ۱۹۶۲ برای بازی در نقش آن سالیوان جوان در فیلم معجزهگر (آرتور پن) برندهٔ جایزه اسکار بهترین بازیگر نقش اول زن شد. در زمان برگزاری مراسم اسکار، او برای بازی در نمایشی به تئاتر برادوی رفته بود و جوان کرافورد از طرف او تندیس را گرفت و بعداً به او مسترد کرد. او همچنین به خاطر این نقش برندهٔ جایزهٔ بفتا نیز شد.
آن بنکرافت در ۵ اوت ۱۹۶۴ با مل بروکس، کمدین و کارگردان معروف سینما و تئاتر، ازدواج کرد؛ و تا زمان مرگش (در سال ۲۰۰۵) با او زندگی کرد. او در سه فیلم از کارهای همسرش نیز بازی کرد: فیلم صامت، بودن یا نبودن و دراکولا: مرده و عاشق آن.
او پس از چند بازی موفقش در هالیوود دوباره به نیویورک و صحنه نمایش برگشت. علت این کارش را سوء استفاده استودیوها از او برای بازی در نقشهای بی پروا ذکر کرد."میخواستم بازیگریم رشد کند نه اندازههای بدنم!"
آن بنکرافت دومین نامزدی جایزهٔ اسکار را به خاطر بازی در فیلم کدو تنبل خور (۱۹۶۵) کسب کرد. شناخته شده ترین نقش او، کاراکتر خانم رابینسون اغواگر در فیلم فارغالتحصیل (۱۹۶۷ مایک نیکولز) است که به خاطر آن برای سومین بار نامزد دریافت جایزه اسکار شد. او در فیلم در نقش مادری که دوست پسر دخترش را فریب میدهد معروف ترین نقش سینمایی او بود. در این فیلم او با داستین هافمن همبازی شد.
شهرت او در سالهای هفتاد با بازی در فیلمهایی نظیر وینستون جوان در برابر ریچارد آتن بورو، و زندانی خیابان دوم در برابر جک لمون افزایش پیدا کرد. او در فیلم زینهای شعلهور (۱۹۷۴) به کارگردانی همسرش مل بروکس نقش کوچکی را بر عهده داشت. چهارمین نامزدی اسکار او به خاطر فیلم نقطه چرخش (۱۹۷۷ در برابر شرلی مک لین) و پنجمین نامزدی او برای فیلم اگنس خدا (۱۹۸۵ در برابر جین فوندا) بدست آمد.
در سالهای ۱۹۸۰ نقش مقابل همسرش را در فیلم بودن یا نبودن بازی کرد و با آنتونی هاپکینز در خیابان چرینگ کراس ظاهر شد. بنکرافت هالیوود را به دلیل کیفیت پایین نقشهایی که به او داده میشد ترک گفت. در سال ۱۹۸۰ در فیلم مرد فیل نما به کارگردانی دیوید لینچ ظاهر شد.
در دهه ۹۰ و نیمهٔ اول دهه اول سده بیست و یکم، او بیشتر در نقشهای مکمل به بازی پرداخت. منجمله "ماه عسل در وگاس" (۱۹۹۲ با نیکلاس کیج)، 'سوءقصد" (۱۹۹۳ در برابر نیکول کیدمن)، "نقطهٔ بدون بازگشت" (۱۹۹۳ با بریجیت فوندا) و "دل شکستگان" (۲۰۰۱ در برابر جنیفر لاو هیوئیت و سیگورنی ویور).
خانم بنکرافت در سال ۲۰۰۳ از این که بازی او در نقش خانم رابینسون در فیلم فارغالتحصیل تمام نقشهای دیگر او را تحتالشعاع قرار داده بود گله کرد.
آن بنکرافت در اثر ابتلا به سرطان رحم در ۶ ژوئن ۲۰۰۵ در بیمارستان مونت سینای نیویورک در سن ۷۳ سالگی درگذشت.
بخشی از فیلمشناسی[ویرایش]
Anna Maria Louisa Italiano (September 17, 1931 – June 6, 2005), known professionally as Anne Bancroft, was an American actress, director, screenwriter and singer associated with the method acting school, having studied under Lee Strasberg. Respected for her acting prowess and versatility, Bancroft was acknowledged for her work in film, theatre and television. She won one Academy Award, three BAFTA Awards, two Golden Globes, two Tony Awards and two Emmy Awards, and several other awards and nominations.
After her film debut in Don't Bother to Knock (1952) and a string of supporting film roles during the 1950s, she won an Academy Award for Best Actress for her lead role in The Miracle Worker (1962) as the teacher of teenage Helen Keller, reprising her role in the Broadway stage play. She won both an Oscar for her work in the film, and a Tony for the same role in the play. On Broadway in 1965, she played a medieval nun obsessed with a priest (Jason Robards) in John Whiting's play The Devils, based on the Aldous Huxley novel The Devils of Loudun. She was perhaps best known as the seductress, Mrs. Robinson, in The Graduate (1967), a role that she later stated had come to overshadow her other work.
Bancroft received several other Oscar nominations and continued in lead roles until the late 1980s. She played a ballet dancer in The Turning Point (1977), and in Agnes of God (1985), she played the mother superior of a convent who clashes with a psychiatrist played by Jane Fonda over dealings with a troubled young novice nun played by Meg Tilly. In 1987, she starred with Anthony Hopkins in 84 Charing Cross Road. She appeared in several movies directed or produced by her second husband, comedian Mel Brooks, including the award-winning drama The Elephant Man as well as comedies To Be or Not to Be and Dracula: Dead and Loving It.
In the 1990s she returned to supporting roles in films, but continued to play lead roles in television films. She received Emmy and Screen Actors Guild Award nominations, for The Roman Spring of Mrs. Stone (2003), as well as an Emmy nomination for 2001's Haven.
Bancroft was born Anna Maria Louisa Italiano in the Bronx, New York, the middle of three daughters of Mildred (née DiNapoli; 1908–2010), a telephone operator, and Michael G. Italiano (1905–2001), a dress pattern maker.
Bancroft's parents were both children of Italian immigrants. In an interview, she stated her family was originally from Muro Lucano, in the province of Potenza. She was brought up Roman Catholic. She was raised in the Belmont neighborhood of the Bronx, later moving to 1580 Zerega Ave. and graduated from Christopher Columbus High School in 1948. She later attended HB Studio, the American Academy of Dramatic Arts, the Actors Studio and the American Film Institute's Directing Workshop for Women at the University of California, Los Angeles. After appearing in a number of live television dramas under the name Anne Marno, she was told to change her surname for her film debut in Don't Bother to Knock.
In 1958, Bancroft made her Broadway debut as lovelorn, Bronx-accented Gittel Mosca opposite Henry Fonda (as the married man Gittel loves) in William Gibson's two-character play Two for the Seesaw, directed by Arthur Penn. For Gittel, she won the Tony Award for Best Performance by a Featured Actress in a Play. (Though her role was quite equal to Fonda's, he, an established film actor, was the star, and so she was eligible in the featured category.)
She subsequently won the Tony Award for Best Performance by a Leading Actress in a Play in 1960, again with playwright Gibson and director Penn, when she played Annie Sullivan, the young woman who teaches the child Helen Keller to communicate in The Miracle Worker. She took the latter role to Hollywood, and won the Academy Award for Best Actress, with Patty Duke repeating her own success as Keller alongside Bancroft in the 1962 film version of the play. She had returned to Broadway to star in Mother Courage and Her Children, so Joan Crawford accepted Bancroft's Oscar on her behalf, and later presented the award to her in New York. Bancroft is one of the few actors to have won an Academy Award and a Tony Award for the same role. Bancroft co-starred as a medieval nun obsessed with a priest (Jason Robards) in the 1965 Broadway production of John Whiting's play The Devils. Produced by Alexander H. Cohen and directed by Michael Cacoyannis, it ran for 63 performances.
Bancroft received a second Academy Award nomination in 1965 for her performance in The Pumpkin Eater. Her best-known role during this period was Mrs. Robinson in The Graduate (1967), for which she received a third Academy Award nomination. In the film, she played an unhappily married woman who seduces a family friend, the much younger recent college graduate played by Dustin Hoffman. In the movie, Hoffman's character later dates and falls in love with her daughter. Bancroft was ambivalent about her appearance in The Graduate; she stated in several interviews that the role overshadowed all of her other work. Despite her character becoming an archetype of the "older woman" role, Bancroft was only six years older than Hoffman.
A CBS television special, Annie: the Women in the Life of a Man (1970), won Bancroft an Emmy Award for her singing and acting. Bancroft is one of very few entertainers to win an Oscar, an Emmy and a Tony award. She followed that success with a second television special, Annie and The Hoods (1974), which was telecast on ABC and featured her husband Mel Brooks as a guest star. She made an uncredited cameo in the film Blazing Saddles (1974), directed by Brooks. She received a fourth Academy Award nomination for her performance in The Turning Point (1977) opposite Shirley MacLaine, and a fifth nomination for her performance in Agnes of God (1985) opposite Jane Fonda.
Bancroft made her debut as a screenwriter and director in Fatso (1980), in which she starred with Dom DeLuise. Bancroft was also the original choice to play Joan Crawford in the film Mommie Dearest (1981), but backed out at the eleventh hour, and was replaced by Faye Dunaway. She was also a front-runner for the role of Aurora Greenway in Terms of Endearment (1983), but declined so she could act in the remake of To Be or Not to Be (1983), with her husband Mel Brooks.
In the 1990s and the first half of the 2000s, Bancroft took supporting roles in a number of films in which she co-starred with major film stars—including Honeymoon in Vegas (1992) with Nicolas Cage, Love Potion No. 9 (1992) with Sandra Bullock, Malice (1993) with Nicole Kidman, Point of No Return (1993) with Bridget Fonda, Home for the Holidays (1995) with Robert Downey Jr. and directed by Jodie Foster, How to Make an American Quilt (1995) with Winona Ryder, G.I. Jane (1997) with Demi Moore, Great Expectations (1998) with Gwyneth Paltrow, Keeping the Faith (2000) with Ben Stiller, and Heartbreakers (2001) with Jennifer Love Hewitt, Sigourney Weaver and Gene Hackman. She also lent her voice to the animated film Antz (1998), which also featured performances from Jennifer Lopez, Sharon Stone, and Woody Allen.
Bancroft also starred in several television movies and miniseries, receiving six Emmy Award nominations (winning twice), eight Golden Globe nominations (winning twice), and two Screen Actors Guild Awards. Her final appearance was as herself in a 2004 episode of HBO's Curb Your Enthusiasm. Her last project was the animated feature Delgo, released posthumously in 2008. The film was dedicated to her.
She received a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame at 6368 Hollywood Boulevard, for her work in television. At the time of her star's installation (1960), she had recently appeared in several TV series. Bancroft is also a member of the American Theater Hall of Fame, having been inducted in 1992.
Marriage and family
In 1961, Bancroft met Mel Brooks at a rehearsal for the Perry Como variety show (Kraft Music Hall). Bancroft and Brooks married on August 5, 1964, at the Manhattan Marriage Bureau near New York City Hall, and remained married until her death. Their son, Maximillian "Max" Brooks, was born on May 22, 1972.
Bancroft and Mel Brooks were seen three times on the screen together: once dancing a tango in Brooks's Silent Movie (1976); in his remake of To Be or Not to Be (1983); and in the episode entitled "Opening Night" (2004) of the HBO show, Curb Your Enthusiasm. They were also in Dracula: Dead and Loving It (1995), but never appeared together. Brooks produced the film The Elephant Man (1980), in which Bancroft acted. He also was executive-producer for the film 84 Charing Cross Road (1987) in which she starred. Both Brooks and Bancroft appeared in season six of The Simpsons. According to the DVD commentary, when Bancroft came to record her lines for the episode "Fear of Flying", the Simpsons writers asked if Brooks had come with her (which he had); she joked, "I can't get rid of him!"[episode needed]
In a 2010 interview, Brooks credited Bancroft as being the guiding force behind his involvement in developing The Producers and Young Frankenstein for the musical theatre. In the same interview, he said of their first meeting in 1961, "From that day, until her death on June 5, 2005, we were glued together."
In April 2005, two months before her death, Bancroft became a grandmother when her daughter-in-law Michelle gave birth to a boy, Henry Michael Brooks.
Anne Bancroft died of uterine cancer at age 73 on June 6, 2005, at Mount Sinai Hospital in Manhattan. Her death surprised many, including some of her friends, as the intensely private Bancroft had not released details of her illness. She was survived by her mother, sisters, husband Mel Brooks, and son Max Brooks. She is interred at Kensico Cemetery in Valhalla, New York, near her parents, Mildred (who died in April 2010, five years after Anne) and Michael Italiano. A white marble monument with a weeping angel adorns her grave. Her last film, Delgo, was dedicated to her memory.