مسجد قبا

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پرش به: ناوبری، جستجو
فارسی English
مسجد قباء

مسجد قباء

اطلاعات اولیه
موقعیت پرچم عربستان سعودی مدینه, عربستان سعودی
سیستم مختصات جغرافیایی ۲۴°۲۶′۲۱″ شمالی ۳۹°۳۷′۰۲″ شرقی / ۲۴.۴۳۹۱۷° شمالی ۳۹.۶۱۷۲۲° شرقی / 24.43917; 39.61722 (Quba Mosque)مختصات: ۲۴°۲۶′۲۱″ شمالی ۳۹°۳۷′۰۲″ شرقی / ۲۴.۴۳۹۱۷° شمالی ۳۹.۶۱۷۲۲° شرقی / 24.43917; 39.61722 (Quba Mosque)
وابسته به دین یا مذهب سنی
ناحیه حجاز
استان استان مدینه
وب‌گاه Quba Mosque Foundation and Islamic Center
شرح معماری
نوع معماری مسجد
سال پایان ساخت 622
مشخصات
گنبد(ها) 6
مناره(ها) 4
مسجد قبا

مسجد قُبا نخستین مسجد جهان اسلام است که در بیرون شهر مدینه قرار دارد. نخستین سنگهای بنای این مسجد توسط محمد پس از مهاجرت او از مکه به مدینه گذاشته شد. قبا نام قریه‌ای در نزدیکی مدینه بوده‌است. مسجد در سال اول هجری، توسط پیامبر اسلام به پیشنهاد عمار یاسر و یا به تقاضای ساکنان محل در قبا بنا شد. آورده‌اند که پیامبر شخصاً کار می‌کرد و خشت‌ها را حمل و تعبیه می‌کرد. پیامبر همچنین یک مرتبه در هفته در آنجا نماز می‌خواند.به هنگام ساختن این مسجد زمانی که عمار یاسر(ره)بیش از همه خشت حمل میکرد پیامبر(ص) به او گفت(تقتلک فءت الباغیه)سر انجام عمار یاسر در جنگ صفین به دست سپاه معاویه کشته شد.

این مسجد بارها بازسازی شده است. نخستین مرتبه در زمان عثمان و آخرین بار در سال ۱۴۰۵ هجری قمری. در آخرین بازسازی، رواق‌ها گسترش یافتند، چهار گلدسته به ارتفاع ۴۷ ساخته شد، شش گنبد بزرگ به قطر ۱۲ ساخته شد و در نهایت، مساحت شبستان به ۵۰۳۵ افزایش یافت.

جستارهای وابسته[ویرایش]

منابع[ویرایش]

پیوند به بیرون[ویرایش]

جستجو در ویکی‌نَسک در ویکی‌کتاب کتابی با عنوان: ویکی‌سفر/خاورمیانه/عربستان سعودی/مدینه/مسجد قبا وجود دارد.


Quba Mosque
Quba.jpg
The Quba Mosque
Basic information
Location Saudi Arabia Medina, Saudi Arabia
Geographic coordinates 24°26′21″N 39°37′02″E / 24.43917°N 39.61722°E / 24.43917; 39.61722 (Quba Mosque)Coordinates: 24°26′21″N 39°37′02″E / 24.43917°N 39.61722°E / 24.43917; 39.61722 (Quba Mosque)
Affiliation Sunni Islam
Region Hejaz
Province Al Madinah
Website Quba Mosque Foundation and Islamic Center
Architectural description
Architectural type Mosque
Completed 622
Specifications
Dome(s) 6
Minaret(s) 4

The Quba Mosque (Quba' Masjid or Masjid al-Quba, Arabic: مسجد قباء), in the outlying environs of Medina in Saudi Arabia, is the oldest mosque in the world. Its first stones were positioned by the Islamic prophet Muhammad as soon as he arrived on his emigration from the city of Mecca to Medina[1] and the mosque was completed by his companions. Muhammad spent more than 20 nights in this mosque (after migrating) praying qasr (a short prayer) while waiting for Ali whose house was behind this mosque.[citation needed]

According to Islamic tradition, offering two rakaʿāt of nafl prayers in the Quba Mosque is equal to performing one Umrah.

Muhammad used to go there, riding or on foot, every Saturday and offer a two rak'ah prayer. He advised others to do the same, saying, "Whoever makes ablutions at home and then goes and prays in the Mosque of Quba, he will have a reward like that of an 'Umrah." This hadith is reported by Ahmad ibn Hanbal, Al-Nasa'i, Ibn Majah and Hakim al-Nishaburi.

Architecture

Quba as it appears from an adjacent road

When Abdel-Wahed El-Wakil was commissioned, in the 20th century, to conceive a larger mosque, he intended to incorporate the old structure into his design. But the old mosque was torn down and replaced with a new one.[2]

The new mosque consists of a rectangular prayer hall raised on a second storey platform. The prayer hall connects to a cluster containing:

  • residential areas,
  • offices,
  • ablution facilities,
  • shops, and
  • a library

Six additional entrances are dispersed on the northern, eastern and western façades. Four minarets mark the corners of the prayer hall. The minarets rest on square bases, have octagonal shafts which take on a circular shape as they reach the top.

Prayer hall

Masjid al-Quba in Medina; rear view

The prayer hall is arranged around a central courtyard, characterised by six large domes resting on clustered columns. A portico, which is two bays in depth, borders the courtyard on the east and west, while a one-bayed portico borders it on the north, and separates it from the women's prayer area.

The women's prayer area, which is surrounded by a screen, is divided into two parts as a passageway connects the northern entrance with the courtyard.

When Quba Mosque was rebuilt in 1986, the Medina architecture was retained - ribbed white domes, and basalt facing and modest exterior - qualities that recalls Madina's simplicity. The courtyard, is flagged with black, red and white marble. It is screened overhead by day from the scorching heat with shades. Arabesque latticework filters the light of the palm groves outside. Elements of the new building include work by the Egyptian architect Abdel-Wahed El-Wakil and the Stuttgart tensile architect Mahmoud Bodo Rasch, [3] a student of Frei Otto.

Imams and Khateebs

  • Sheikh Salih Bin 'Awad Al Mughamisi
  • Sheikh Muhammed Khalil
  • Sheikh Muhammad Ayyub And Adil
  • Sheikh Ahmed bin Ali bin Abdur Rahman Hudaify

Mentions in the hadith

Masjid Quba at dawn

The merits of Masjid Quba are mentioned in nineteen Sahih al-Bukhari hadiths; thirteen Sahih Muslim hadiths; two Sunan Abu Dawood hadiths; and six Al-Muwatta hadiths.[4]

Muhammad frequented the mosque and prayed there. This is referred to in a number of hadith:

Narrated 'Abdullah bin Dinar: Ibn 'Umar said, "The Prophet used to go to the Mosque of Quba every Saturday (sometimes) walking and (sometimes) riding." 'Abdullah (Ibn 'Umar) used to do the same

—Collected by Muhammad al-BukhariSahih al-Bukhari Volume 2, Book 21, Number 284[5]

Narrated Ibn 'Umar: The Prophet used to go to the Mosque of Quba (sometimes) walking and sometimes riding. Added Nafi (in another narration), "He then would offer two Rakat (in the Mosque of Quba)."

—Collected by Muhammad al-Bukhari, Sahih al-Bukhari Volume 2, Book 21, Number 285[6]

Mention in the Qur'an

It is mentioned in the Qur'an as the mosque founded on piety and devoutness (Masjid al-Taqwa):

Never stand (to pray) there (referring to a place of worship in which the hypocrites had used for harm and disbelief, as mentioned in the previous ayah). A place of worship which was founded upon duty (to Allah) from the first day is more worthy that thou shouldst stand (to pray) therein, wherein are men who love to purify themselves. Allah loveth the purifiers.

—Qur'an, sura 9 (At-Tawba), ayah 108[7]

See also

References

  1. ^ Masjid Quba is the first mosque in Islam's history
  2. ^ Description of the new mosque and architectural documents at archnet.org
  3. ^ „Alles muss von innen kommen“ - IZ im Gespräch mit dem Stuttgarter Architekten Dr. Rasch, Islamische Zeitung, 6. November 2002
  4. ^ Enter Quba in the "Search the Hadith" box and check off all hadith collections.
  5. ^ Sahih al-Bukhari, 2:21:284
  6. ^ Sahih al-Bukhari, 2:21:285
  7. ^ Quran 9:108
  • Muhammad: The Messenger of Islam by Hajjah Amina Adil (p. 286)
  • The Naqshbandi Sufi Tradition Guidebook of Daily Practices and Devotions by Hisham Kabbani (p. 301)
  • Happold: The Confidence to Build by Derek Walker and Bill Addis (p. 81)

External links