رسالت (فیلم)

از ویکی‌پدیا، دانشنامهٔ آزاد
(تغییرمسیر از محمد رسول‌الله (فیلم))
پرش به: ناوبری، جستجو
فارسی English
محمد رسول‌الله
Message.jpg
پوستر فیلم سینمایی محمد رسول الله
کارگردان مصطفی عقاد
تهیه‌کننده مصطفی عقاد
نویسنده هـ.الف.ل. غریغ
توفیق الحکیم
عبدالحمید جوده السحار
احمد شلبی
عبدالمنعم النمر
بازیگران آنتونی کوئین
ریچارد جانسون
ایرنه پاپاس
مایکل آنسارا
آندری موریل
نویل جیسون
گریک هیگن
رزالی کراچلی
مایکل فورست
دمین توماس
جانی سکا
دونالد برتون
ولف موریس
لئونارد ترولی
ارل کامرون
حسن جندی
موسیقی موریس ژار
فیلم‌برداری جک هیلیارد
تدوین جان بلوم
تاریخ‌های انتشار ۱۹۷۶
مدت زمان ۱۷۷ دقیقه
کشور آمریکا، انگلستان، مراکش، لیبی
زبان انگلیسی
عربی
بودجه ۱۰٬۰۰۰٬۰۰۰ دلار

رسالت یا محمد رسول‌الله (۱۹۷۶) فیلمی سینمایی به کارگردانی مصطفی عقاد است که داستان زندگی پیامبر اسلام، محمد بن عبدالله، را از چهل سالگی تا وفات و در واقع داستان دوران صدر اسلام را به تصویر می‌کشد. بازیگران این فیلم از جمله آنتونی کوئین و ایرنه پاپاس از بازیگران مطرح هالیوودی زمان خود بودند.

فیلم نگاهی کاملاً مثبت به اسلام دارد و به تایید انجمن اسلامی عربستان، دانشگاه اسلامی الازهر، انجمن شیعیان لبنان و دیگر مراجع شیعه و سنی رسیده‌است. در جمهوری اسلامی ایران نیز فیلم مورد قبول است و تقریباً هر سال در زادروز محمد از شبکه‌های رسمی این کشور پخش می‌شود.

با این که موضوع اصلی فیلم زندگی محمد پیامبر است سازندگان فیلم با ادعای «احترام به باورهای مسلمانان» محمدبن عبدالله و همچنین علی بن ابوطالب و خلفای راشدین را در فیلم نشان نداده‌اند. در مورد پیامبر بازیگران به جای او با دوربین صحبت می‌کنند و در مورد علی بن ابوطالب در تنها سکانسی که او حضور دارد تنها شمشیر ذوالفقار وی نشان داده می‌شود. در واقع شخصیت اصلی این فیلم حمزه بن عبدالمطلب، عموی محمد است.

از وقایع تاریخی مهمی که در این فیلم تصویر شده‌اند می‌توان به: بعثت پیامبر، قتل سمیه، اسلام آوردن و شکنجهٔ بلال حبشی، جنگ بدر، جنگ احد، هجرت مسلمانان از مکه به مدینه، فتح مکه و... اشاره کرد.

از شخصیت‌های تاریخی مهمی که در این فیلم تصویر شده‌اند می‌توان به: حمزه بن عبدالمطلب، زید پسر حارثه، هند، ابوسفیان، سهیل بن عمرو، وحشی پسر حرب، ابوطالب، ابولهب، ابوجهل، سمیه، بلال حبشی، هراکلیوس (پادشاه وقت رومنجاشی (پادشاه وقت حبشهخسروپرویز (پادشاه وقت ایران) و... اشاره کرد.

مصطفی عقاد (کارگردان فیلم) و دخترش سال‌ها بعد در یک عملیات تروریستی توسط القاعده در یکی از هتل‌های اردن کشته شدند.

تولید[ویرایش]

مصطفی عقاد برای ساخت این فیلم با مشکل تامین هزینه های ساخت مواجه بود و نبود شریک تجاری در ساخت این فیلم،در همان ابتدا فیلم را تا آستانه تعطیلی کشاند تا این که در نهایت توسط معمر قذافی پادشاه لیبی مورد حمایت مالی قرار گرفت و بنابراین فیلم برداری این فیلم در کشورهای لیبی و مراکش که لوکیشن های مشابه مکه و مدینه آن زمان داشتند،آغاز شد.

دوبله در ایران[ویرایش]

یکی از نکات برجستهٔ این فیلم، استفاده از جمعی از ماهرترین و قدیمی‌ترین هنرمندان دوبلهٔ ایران، در برگردان آن به فارسی است. مدیریت پروژۀ دوبلۀ فیلم در ایران بر عهدۀ حمید مجتهدی دوست و هم‌کلاسی مصطفی عقاد بود که در طول فیلم‌برداری نیز کارگردان را همراهی می‌کرد. هم‌چنین فیلم‌نامه توسط حسین شایگان به فارسی برگردان شد.[۱]

می‌توان گفت که در مجموعه ای از بهترین و زبده‌ترین گویندگان ایران، به جای هنرپیشه‌های این فیلم گویندگی کرده‌اند. این فیلم قریب به ۳۰۰ گوینده دارد که ۲۰ تن از آنها از گویندگان درجه یک به شمار می‌آیند.

جوایز و افتخارات[ویرایش]

این فیلم در سال 1977 در بخش موزیک متن نامزد دریافت جایزه اسکار شد.

منابع[ویرایش]

  • ویکی‌پدیای انگلیسی [۱]
The Message (aka Mohammad, Messenger of God)
The-Message.jpg
'"The Message promotional film poster
Directed by Moustapha Akkad
Produced by Moustapha Akkad
Written by H.A.L. Craig
A.B. Jawdat al-Sahhar
Tawfiq al-Hakim
A.B Rahman al-Sharkawi
Mohammad Ali Maher
Screenplay by H.A.L. Craig
Based on The Islamic prophet Muhammad
Starring Anthony Quinn
Irene Papas
Michael Ansara
Johnny Sekka
Michael Forest
Narrated by Richard Johnson
Music by Maurice Jarre
Cinematography Said Baker
Jack Hildyard
Ibrahim Salem
Edited by John Bloom
Hussein Afifi
Production
company
Filmco International Productions Inc.
Distributed by Tarik Film Distributors
Anchor Bay Entertainment
Release dates
  • 1976 (1976)
Arabic
  • March 9, 1977 (1977-03-09)
English
Running time 178 minutes English
198 min Arabic
Country Morocco
Libya
Lebanon
United Kingdom
United States
Language English
Arabic
Budget $10 million
Box office $15 million

The Message (Arabic: الرسالةAr-Risalah; other titles: Mohammad, Messenger of God and The Message: The Story of Islam) is a 1976/1977 film and Quranic epic directed by Moustapha Akkad chronicling the life and times of Muhammad, the prophet of Islam. Released in Arabic(1976) and English (1977), Mohammad, Messenger of God serves as an introduction to early Islamic history.

Plot

The film follows Muhammad starting with Islam's beginnings in Mecca in which the Muslims are persecuted for their beliefs, the exodus to Medina, and ending with the Muslims' triumphant return to Mecca. A number of crucial events, such as the Battle of Badr and Battle of Uhud are depicted, and the majority of the story is told from the point of view of peripheral individuals such as Hamza ibn `Abd al-Muttalib (Muhammad's uncle), Bilal and Zaid (Two of the Prophet's close companions), and on the other side Abu Sufyan (the leader of Mecca) and his wife Hind bint Utbah (enemies of Islam who later become Muslims themselves).

Production

While creating "Muhammad, Messenger of God", Director Al Akkad, who is originally Muslim, consulted Islamic clerics in a thorough attempt to be respectful toward Islam and its views on portraying the Prophet Muhammad. He received Approval from "Al Azhar" in Egypt but was rejected by Muslim World League in Mecca, Saudi Arabia. Al Akkad had to go outside the United States to raise the production money for the film. Lack of financing nearly shut down the film as the initial backers pulled out. At last, financing was finally provided by the Government of Kuwait, Libya and Morocco to support the film financially, but when it was rejected by the Muslim World League, Kuweit's 2nd Emir Sabah III Al-Salim Al-Sabah withdrew the financial support, but King Hassan II of Morocco gave Al Akkad full support for the production of the film, King Khalid bin Abdulaziz of Saudi Arabia and then-Libyan leader Muammar al-Gaddafi provided financial support too. The film was shot in Libya and Morocco, with production taking four and a half months to build the cities of Mecca and Medina as they looked in Muhammad's time.

The production took one year, Akkad filmed 6 months in Morocco, but had to stop when the Saudi Government exerted a great pressure on Morocco to stop the production. Akkad went to al-Gaddafi of Libya for support to complete the project, al-Gaddafi allowed him to move the filming to Libya for the remaining 6 months until the film was finalized.

Director Akkad saw the film as a way to bridge the gap between the Western and Islamic world, stating in a 1976 interview:

"I did the film because it is a personal thing for me. Besides its production values as a film, it has its story, its intrigue, its drama. Beside all this I think there was something personal, being Muslim myself who lived in the west I felt that it was my obligation my duty to tell the truth about Islam. It is a religion that has a 700 million following, yet it's so little known about it which surprised me. I thought I should tell the story that will bring this bridge, this gap to the west."

Akkad also filmed an Arabic version of the film (in which Muna Wassef played Hind) simultaneously with an Arab cast, for Arabic-speaking audiences. He felt that dubbing the English version in Arabic would not be enough, as the Arabic acting style differs significantly from that of Hollywood. The actors took turns doing the English and Arabic versions in each scene. Both the English and Arabic versions are now sold together on some DVDs.

In a film review, The New York Times reported that "when the film was scheduled to premier in the U.S., another Muslim extremist group staged a siege against the Washington D.C. chapter of the B'nai B'rith under the mistaken belief that Anthony Quinn played Mohammed in the film, threatening to blow up the building and its inhabitants unless the film's opening was cancelled. The standoff was resolved" after the deaths of a journalist and policeman, but "the film's American box office prospects never recovered from the unfortunate controversy."[1]

Depiction of Muhammad

In accordance with Muslim beliefs regarding depictions of Muhammad, he was not depicted on-screen nor was his voice heard as the muslim tradition holds that the impersonation of the prophet offends against the spirituality of his message. At the beginning of the film, a statement is displayed, "The makers of this film honour the Islamic tradition which holds that the impersonation of the Prophet offends against the spirituality of his message. Therefore, the person of Mohammad will not be shown (or heard)."

This rule extended to his wives, his daughters, his sons-in-law, and the first caliphs (Abu Bakr, Umar, Uthman, and Ali ibn Talib his paternal cousin). This left Muhammad's uncle Hamza (Anthony Quinn) and his adopted son Zayd (Damien Thomas) as the central characters. During the battles of Badr and Uhud depicted in the movie, Hamza was in nominal command, even though the actual fighting was led by Muhammad.

Whenever Muhammad was present or very close by, his presence was indicated by light organ music. His words, as he spoke them, were repeated by someone else such as Hamza, Zayd or Bilal. When a scene called for him to be present, the action was filmed from his point of view. Others in the scene nodded to the unheard dialogue or moved with the camera as though moving with Muhammad.

The closest the film comes to a depiction of Muhammad or his immediate family are the view of Ali's famous two-pronged sword Zulfiqar during the battle scenes, a glimpse of a staff in the scenes at the Kaaba or in Medina, and Muhammad's camel, Qaswa.

Cast

English version

Cast of the Arabic version

Awards and nominations

The film was nominated for an Oscar in 1977 for Best Music, Original Score for the music by Maurice Jarre.[2]

Music

The musical score of The Message was composed and conducted by Maurice Jarre, and it was performed by the London Symphony Orchestra.

Soundtrack

Track Listing for the First Release on LP

SIDE One

  1. The Message (03:01)
  2. Hegira (04:24)
  3. Building the First Mosque (02:51)
  4. The Sura (03:34)
  5. Presence of Mohammad (02:13)
  6. Entry to Mecca (03:15)

Side Two

  1. The Declaration (02:38)
  2. The First Martyrs (02:27)
  3. Fight (04:12)
  4. Spread of Islam (03:16)
  5. Broken Idols (04:00)
  6. The Faith of Islam (02:37)


Track Listing for the First Release on CD

  1. The Message (03:09)
  2. Hegira (04:39)
  3. Building the First Mosque (02:33)
  4. The Sura (03:32)
  5. Presence of Mohammad (02:11)
  6. Entry to Mecca (03:14)
  7. The Declaration (02:39)
  8. The First Martyrs (02:26)
  9. Fight (04:11)
  10. The Spread of Islam (03:35)
  11. Broken Idols (03:40)
  12. The Faith of Islam (02:33)

Remake

In October 2008, producer Oscar Zoghbi revealed plans to "revamp the 1976 movie and give it a modern twist," according to the Internet Movie Database and the World Entertainment News Network.[3][4][5][6] He hopes to shoot the remake, tentatively titled The Messenger of Peace, in the cities of Mecca and Medina in Saudi Arabia.

In February 2009, the producer of the The Matrix and The Lord of the Rings film trilogy Barrie M. Osborne was attached to produce a new movie about Muhammad. The film is to be financed by a Qatari media company and will be supervised by Sheikh Yusuf al-Qaradawi.[7]

See also

References

  1. ^ Mohammad: Messenger of God Review by Mark Deming of the New York Times
  2. ^ "1977 Oscars - 50th Annual Academy Awards Oscar Winners and Nominees". Popculturemadness.com. 1978-04-03. Retrieved 2012-03-25. 
  3. ^ "The Message Gets A Modern Remake," IMDB, 28 October 2008.
  4. ^ Irvine, Chris (2008-10-28). "Prophet Mohammed film The Message set for remake". The Daily Telegraph (London). Retrieved 2010-05-13. 
  5. ^ Brooks, Xan (2008-10-27). "Controversial biopic of Muhammad set for remake". The Guardian (London). Retrieved 2010-05-13. 
  6. ^ "Prophet Muhammad film announced". BBC News. 2008-10-28. Retrieved 2010-05-13. 
  7. ^ "‘Matrix’ And ‘Lord of the Rings’ Producer To Make Movie About The Founder Of Islam". Moviesblog.mtv.com. Retrieved 2012-03-25. 

External links