فهرست ترورهای افراد توسط اسرائیل

از ویکی‌پدیا، دانشنامهٔ آزاد
پرش به: ناوبری، جستجو

این مقاله به فهرست قتل‌ها و ترورهای منسوب به دولت اسرائیل پیرامون افراد شناحته شده و معروف می‌پردازد.

دهه ۱۹۵۰[ویرایش]

زمان مکان هدف توضیحات Action قاتل
July 13, 1956 نوار غزه مصطفی حافظ Egyptian Army Lieutenant-Colonel responsible for recruiting refugees to carry out attacks in Israel. Parcel bomb[۱]
۱۴جولای، ۱۹۵۶ امان صالح مصطفی Egyptian Military attache Parcel bomb[۱]

دهه ۱۹۶۰[ویرایش]

زمان مکان هدف توضیحات Action قاتل
September 11, 1962 مونیخ, آلمان Heinz Krug West German rocket scientist working for مصر's missile program Abducted from his company offices on Munich's Schillerstrasse, his body was never found. Swiss police later arrested two Mossad agents for threatening the daughter of another scientist and found that they were responsible for the killing. Part of عملیات داموکلس. موساد[۲][۳]
۲۸نوامبر، ۱۹۶۲ حلوان, مصر 5 Egyptian factory workers Workers employed at Factory 333, an Egyptian rocket factory. Letter bomb sent bearing هامبورگ post mark. Another such bomb disfigured and blinded a secretary. Part of عملیات داموکلس. موساد[۳]
February 23, 1965 مونته‌ویدئو, اروگوئه Herberts Cukurs Aviator who had been involved in the murders of Latvian Jews during the هولوکاست Lured to and killed in Montevideo by agents under the false pretense of starting an aviation business. موساد[۴]

دهه ۱۹۷۰[ویرایش]

زمان مکان هدف توضیحات Action قاتل
۲۵جولای، ۱۹۷۲ بیروت Attempted killing of Bassam Abu Sharif Member of the جبهه مردمی آزادی فلسطین who held a press conference with غسان کنفانی during the Dawson's Field hijackings justifying the PFLP's actions. He lost four fingers, and was left deaf in one ear and blind in one eye, after a book sent to him that was implanted with a bomb exploded in his hands.[۵][۶][۷] Mossad[۶]
۱۶اکتبر، ۱۹۷۲ رم Abdel Wael Zwaiter Libyan embassy employee and سازمان آزادی‌بخش فلسطین representative, considered by Israel to be a terrorist for his alleged role in the سپتامبر سیاه group and the واقعه المپیک مونیخ[۸] Shot by two gunmen in his apartment.[۷] Mossad
۸جولای، ۱۹۷۲ بیروت غسان کنفانی Palestinian writer and a leading member of the جبهه مردمی آزادی فلسطین, and claimed to be one of the planners behind the Lod Airport massacre[۹] Killed by car bomb. موساد
۸دسامبر، ۱۹۷۲ پاریس Mahmoud Hamshari سازمان آزادی‌بخش فلسطین representative in France and coordinator of the Munich Olympic Games massacre.[۱۰] Killed by bomb concealed in his telephone.[۷]
۲۴ژانویه، ۱۹۷۳ نیکوزیا حسین البشیر فتح (سازمان) representative in Nicosia, Cyprus Killed by bomb in his hotel room bed.[۷]
April 6, 1973 پارس Basil Al-Kubaissi PFLP member and دانشگاه آمریکایی بیروت law professor Killed by two gunmen.[۷]
April 9, 1973 بیروت Muhammad Youssef Al-Najjar Black September Operations officer and PLO official Killed during Operation Spring of Youth. سایرت متکل
April 9, 1973 بیروت Kamal Adwan Black September commander and member of the Fatah central committee[۱۱] Killed during Operation Spring of Youth. Sayeret Matkal
April 9, 1973 بیروت Kamal Nasser PLO spokesman Killed during Operation Spring of Youth. Sayeret Matkal
April 11, 1973 آتن Zaiad Muchasi Fatah representative to قبرس Killed in hotel room.[۷]
June 28, 1973 پاریس Mohammad Boudia Black September operations officer Killed by pressure-activated mine under his car seat.[۷]
July 21, 1973 لیلهامر, نروژ Attempted killing of Ali Hassan Salameh High-ranked leader in the PLO and Black September who was behind the 1972 Munich Olympic Games massacre[۱۲] بحران لیلهامر, an innocent waiter believed to be Ali Hassan Salameh, killed by gunmen. Known as the بحران لیلهامر. Mossad
March 28, 1978 جمهوری دمکراتیک آلمان Wadie Haddad PFLP commander, who masterminded several plane hijackings in the 1960's and 1970's.[۱۳] Killed by a poisoned chocolate, sent to him, which caused his death a month later. Claimed to be Mossad (Israel never claimed responsibility)[۱۳]
July 26, 1979 کن (فرانسه) زهیر محسن Leader of the pro-سوریه as-Sa'iqa faction of the سازمان آزادی‌بخش فلسطین Shot in the front of casino. Mossad
January 22, 1979 بیروت Ali Hassan Salameh High-ranked leader in the PLO and Black September who was behind the 1972 Munich Olympic Games massacre[۱۲] Killed by car bomb,[۷] along with four bodyguards and four innocent bystanders. موساد

دهه ۱۹۸۰[ویرایش]

زمان مکان هدف توضیحات Action مامور اجرا
۱۳ژوئن ۱۹۸۰ پاریس يحيى المشد Egyptian nuclear scientist, lecturer at دانشگاه اسکندریه Killed in his room at the Méridien Hotel in Operation Sphinx.[۱۴][۱۵]:۲۳ Marie-Claude Magal, prostitute, client of El-Meshad, pushed under a car and killed in the بلوار سن ژرمن.[۱۵]:۲۴ Mossad
August 21, 1983 Athens Mamoun Meraish Senior PLO official Shot in his car from motorcycle.[۱۶] موساد
April 16, 1988 تونس (شهر) خلیل الوزیر Second-in-command to یاسر عرفات Killed in خلیل الوزیر.[۷] Israeli commandos

Khalid Nazzal (1948-1986) Secretary of the DFLP (Democratic Front for Liberation of Palestine) Assassinated in Athens by Mossad agents who enter Greece with fake passports, shot Nazzal while leaving his hotel, and fled the country.

دهه ۱۹۹۰[ویرایش]

زمان مکان هدف توضیحات Action مامور اجرا
March 20, 1990 بروکسل جرالد بول Canadian engineer and designer of the Project Babylon "supergun" for the Iraqi government Shot at door to his apartment Mossad (speculation and denied by Israel)[۱۷]
November 5, 1991 جزایر قناری رابرت مکسول Media tycoon and former Katsa[dubious ] Drowned in mysterious circumstances while on Yacht موساد (Speculation)[۱۸][dubious ]
February 16, 1992 لبنان سید عباس موسوی Secretary-General of حزب‌الله لبنان Killed in his car convoy by missiles launched from two Israeli helicopters.[۷]
June 8, 1992 پاریس Atef Bseiso Palestinian official involved in Munich Massacre Shot several times in the head at point-blank range by 2 gunmen, in his hotel (Aaron Klein's "Striking Back") Mossad
October 26, 1995 سلیما, مالت فتحی شقاقی رئیس جهاد اسلامی فلسطین Shot and killed in front of Diplomat Hotel.[۷]
January 6, 1996 نوار غزه یحیا عیاش "The Engineer", حماس bombmaker توسط انفجار تلفن همراه کشته شد[۷] Shabak
September 25, 1997 امان خالد مشعل (failed attempt) حماس political leader Attempted poisoning. Israel provided antidote, after pressure by Clinton. Canada withdrew Ambassador. دو مامور موساد با پاسپورت کانادایی بازداشت شدند

2000[ویرایش]

زمان مکان حذف توضیحات Action مامور اجرا
November 22, 2000 Gaza Strip Jamal Abdel Raziq Senior official of the Fatah faction Tanzim Killed with driver, Awni Dhuheir, when their car was fired upon by IDF troops. Two bystanders in car in front of them also killed (Sami Abu Laban, 29, baker, and Na'el Al Leddawi, 22, student).[۱۹][۲۰] IDF
December 17, 2000 Qalandiyya Samih Malabi Senior فتح (سازمان) member Mobile phone bomb. It is unclear whether he had been killed by his own explosive device or by Israeli security forces.[۲۱]
February 3, 2001 Gaza Strip مسعود عیاد Lieutenant-colonel in Force 17, who allegedly led a حزب‌الله لبنان cell involved in firing on Jewish settlements, plotting to kidnap Israeli soldiers and smuggling arms.[۲۲] Killed while driving in جبالیا by three helicopter-launched rockets.[۲۳]
June 24, 2001 Nablus Osama Jawabiri Member of al-Aqsa Martyrs Brigade Bomb planted in public phone
July 17, 2001 Bethlehem Omar Saada Izzedine al-Qassam Brigades regional commander Two wire-guided missiles fired into his home. One other Hamas member killed.
July 31, 2001 Nablus Jamal Mansour High-ranking official of Hamas' West Bank political wing Killed when office struck by helicopter-launched missiles.[۲۴]
August 5, 2001 Tulkarm Amr Hadiri Hamas student activist Missiles fired at car.
August 20, 2001 الخلیل, کرانه باختری رود اردن Imad Abu Sneneh Leader of Tanzim Shot and killed.[۲۵] Israeli undercover team
August 27, 2001 رام‌الله, West Bank ابوعلی مصطفی Secretary General of the PFLP Killed in his office by two missiles fired from an ای‌اچ-۶۴ آپاچی. IAF
January 14, 2002 Tulkarem, West Bank Raed Karmi Head of al-Aqsa Martyrs' Brigades Killed by blast.[۲۶]
January 22, 2002 نابلوس, West Bank Yusif Suragji West Bank head of Izzaddinal_Qassam Brigades. Three other Hamas members also killed. حکومت خودگردان فلسطین claims it was an assassination.[۲۷] Killed in a raid on an alleged explosives factory.[۲۷] Israeli army
January 24, 2002 خان‌یونس, Gaza strip Adli Hamadan (Bakr Hamdan) Senior Hamas member missile attack on car.[۲۷] نیروی هوایی اسرائیل
February 4, 2002 رفح Ayman Bihdari DFLP member wanted for 25 August 2001 raid in which three Israeli soldiers were killed. missile attack on car. Four other DFLP members killed.[۲۷] Israeli Air Force
March 5, 2002 رام‌الله Mohammad Abu Halawa and Fawzi Murrar Wanted AMB members Missile fired at car from helicopter.[۲۸]
June 24, 2002 رفح Yasir Raziq, 'Amr Kufa. گردان‌های عزالدین قسام leaders. Missiles fired at two cars. Four other Palestinians killed.
July 22, 2002 غزه (شهر) Salah Shahade Leader of Hamas گردان‌های عزالدین قسام Killed by 2,205-pound explosive dropped by F-16. The attack also killed fourteen other Palestinians including his wife and 9 children.
August 6, 2002 جنین (شهر) Ali Ajuri, Murad Marshud al-Aqsa Martyrs' Brigades members. Killed by air to surface missile.
August 14, 2002 طوباس Nassa Jarrar Senior حماس member. Rockets fired into house from helicopters. The victim was wheelchair bound.
March 8, 2003 غزه (شهر) Ibrahim al-Makadmeh He and three of his aides killed by helicopter-fired missiles
August 21, 2003 Gaza Strip Ismail Abu Shanab High-ranking Hamas official[۲۹] Missile strike
December 25, 2003 Gaza Strip Mekled Hameid PIJ commander. Helicopter gunship attack on car. Two PIJ members and two bystanders also killed. IAF
February 28 2004 جبالیا refugee camp Muhammad Judah PIJ military commander Missiles at his car. Two passengers are also killed and eleven bystanders wounded.[۳۰]
March 3, 2004 Gaza City Tarad Jamal, Ibrahim Dayri and Ammar Hassan Senior Hamas members Missiles from helicopter fired at car.[۳۱]
March 22, 2004 Gaza Strip احمد یاسین Co-founder and leader of حماس He, 2 bodyguards, and 9 bystanders killed by نیروی هوایی اسرائیل ای‌اچ-۶۴ آپاچی-fired Hellfire missiles.[۳۲] IAF
April 17, 2004 عبدالعزیز رنتیسی Co-founder and leader of Hamas, and successor of Ahmed Yassin as leader of Hamas after his death Killed by helicopter-fired missiles, along with his son.
October 21, 2004 Gaza Adnan al-Ghoul Hamas weapons expert He and Imad Abbas killed when Apache helicopter fired missiles at their car.
May 25, 2006 صیدا, Lebanon Mahmoud al-Majzoub Commander of the جهاد اسلامی فلسطین Injured in car bombing, and died the next day. Islamic Jihad blamed Israel, though Israel denied it.[۳۳]
June 8, 2006 Jamal Abu Samhadana Founder of the کمیته‌های مقاومت مردمی militant group, a former فتح (سازمان) and Tanzim member, and number two on اسرائیل's list of wanted terrorists.[۳۴] Killed by Israeli airstrike, along with at least three other PRC members.[۳۵][۳۶]
February 12, 2008 دمشق عماد مغنیه Top Hezbollah commander Killed by car bomb. Some news reports indicated the Mossad was responsible,[۳۷] though Israel denied carrying it out.[۳۸]
August 1, 2008 Muhammad Suleiman Syrian General, and top liaison between Syria and Hezbollah Killed by sniper fire. Israel never takes credit for the killing, but is widely suspected.[۳۹][۴۰]
January 1, 2009 نزار ریان Top Hamas military commander and decision maker, who advocated suicide attacks against Israel[۴۱] Killed in Israeli airstrike, along with his 4 wives and 11 of their children. He is the most senior Hamas member to be killed since 2004. According to Israel, Rayan was not the target, rather, the strike aimed to destroy Hamas’ central compound which included several buildings that served as storage sites for weapons. Israel further stated that phone warnings were delivered to the residents.[۴۱][۴۲]
January 3, 2009 Abu Zakaria al-Jamal Senior Hamas military wing commander, and leader of Gaza City's rocket-launching squads[۴۳] Killed in Israeli airstrike.[۴۴]
January 15, 2009 جبالیا سعید صیام Hamas Interior Minister Killed in Israeli airstrike with his brother, his son, and Hamas general security services commander Salah Abu Shrakh.[۴۵]
March 4, 2009 Gaza Strip Khaled Shalan Senior member of Islamic Jihad Killed in Israeli airstrike, in retaliation for[dubious ] Palestinian rocket attacks on the Israeli city of اشکلون.[۴۶] IAF


دهه ۲۰۱۰[ویرایش]

Date Place Target Description Action Executor
January 19, 2010 دبی، امارات محمود المبحوح حماس senior military commander, believed to have been involved in smuggling weapons and explosives into Gaza.[۴۷] Widely reported to have been killed by Israeli intelligence members. Israel stated that there is no proof of its involvement, and refused to confirm or deny the allegations.[۴۸] Dubai police report that Israeli agents used Australian, French, British, Irish, and Dutch passports. Mossad (Speculation)
July 31, 2010 Gaza Strip Issa al-Batran حماس military commander in central Gaza, thought to have been involved in manufacturing rockets Killed in retaliation for earlier rocket attack on city of Ashkelon[۴۹] IAF
November 3, 2010 Gaza Strip Mohammed Nimnim al-Qaeda affiliated, Army of Islam commander[۵۰] Car explosion, due to either a bomb planted by Israel or an Israeli airstrike.[۵۱] IAF, with Egyptian intelligence
November 17, 2010 Gaza Strip Islam Yassin al-Qaeda affiliated, Army of Islam commander[۵۲] Israeli airstrike on his car, killing him, his brother, and injuring four others.[۵۳] IAF
۲۹ نوامبر، ۲۰۱۰ ایران مجید شهریاری دانشمند هسته‌ای ایرانی Killed in a car bomb. According to the German newspaper اشپیگل Israel was behind the killing.[۵۴] Mossad (Alleged)
January 11, 2011 نوار غزه Mohammed A-Najar Islamic Jihad operative, suspected of planning attacks against civilians and launching rockets at Israel[۵۵] Attacked by the Israel Airforce while driving his motorcycle in the نوار غزه.[۵۵] IAF
April 9, 2011 نوار غزه Tayseer Abu Snima Senior حماس commander Killed along with 2 of his bodyguards by the Israeli air force during a period of escalated rocket fire from Gaza. He was the most senior Hamas commander killed since 2009.[۵۶] IAF
۲۳‌جولای، ۲۰۱۱ ایران داریوش رضایی دانشمند هسته ای ایران Killed by unknown gunmen on motorcycle. The German Newspaper اشپیگل claimed Mossad was behind the operation. He is the fourth Iranian nuclear scientist killed since 2010.[۵۷] Mossad (Alleged)
August 18, 2011 نوار غزه Abu Oud al-Nirab and Khaled Shaath کمیته‌های مقاومت مردمی Commanders Killed hours after a terrorist attack killed 7 Israeli's in southern Israel. 4 additional members of the group were killed in the strike.[۵۸] IAF, Shin Bet
دهم‌ژانویه، ۲۰۱۲ ایران مصطفی احمدی روشن دانشمند هسته ای ایران The bomb that killed Ahmadi-Roshan at the Natanz uranium enrichment facility, and another unidentified person was a magnetic one and the same as the ones previously used for the assassination of the scientists, and the "...work of the Zionists [Israelis]," deputy Tehran governor Safarali Baratloo said.[۵۹][۶۰][۶۱] Mossad (Alleged)

جستارهای وابسته[ویرایش]

منابع[ویرایش]

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  59. خطای اسکریپتی
  60. خطای اسکریپتی