سیم‌کشی الکتریکی

از ویکی‌پدیا، دانشنامهٔ آزاد
(تغییرمسیر از سیم کشی الکتریکی)
پرش به: ناوبری، جستجو
ElectricWireGrounded.jpg

کد رنگی[ویرایش]

رنگ سیم های استاندارد برای کابل منعطف
(به طور مثال Extension cords, power (line) cords and لامپ cords)
منطقه یا کشور فازها Neutral زمین الکتریکی/اتصال به زمین
European Union (EU), Australia, South Africa (IEC 60446) Color wire brown.svg Color wire blue.svg Color wire green yellow.svg
Australia, New Zealand (AS/NZS 3000:2007 3.8.3) Color wire brown.svg, Color wire red.svg Color wire light blue.svg, Color wire black.svg Color wire green yellow.svg
Brazil Color wire yellow.svg, Color wire red.svg Color wire blue.svg Color wire green.svg
United States, Canada Color wire black.svg(brass) Color wire white.svg(silver) Color wire green.svg(green)
Standard wire colours for fixed cable
(e.g. In-, On-, or Behind-the-wall wiring cables)
منطقه یا کشور فازها Neutral زمین الکتریکی/اتصال به زمین
اتحادیه اروپا (IEC 60446) including UK from 31 March 2004 (BS 7671) Color wire brown.svg, Color wire black.svg, Color wire grey.svg Color wire blue.svg Color wire green yellow.svg
UK prior to 31 مارس 2004 (BS 7671) Color wire red.svg, Color wire yellow.svg, Color wire blue.svg Color wire black.svg Color wire green yellow.svg
Color wire green.svg (formerly)
Color wire bare copper.svg سیم لخت, sleeved at terminations (formerly)
Australia, New Zealand (AS/NZS 3000:2007 clause 3.8.1, table 3.4) Any colours other than Color wire green.svg Color wire yellow.svg Color wire green yellow.svg Color wire black.svg Color wire light blue.svg
Recommended for single phase: Color wire red.svg Color wire brown.svg
Recommended for multiphase: Color wire red.svg Color wire white.svg Color wire blue.svg
Color wire black.svg or Color wire light blue.svg Color wire green yellow.svg (since about 1980)
Color wire green.svg (since about 1980)
Color wire bare copper.svg bare conductor, sleeved at terminations (formerly)
برزیل Color wire yellow.svg, Color wire red.svg, Color wire black.svg, Color wire white.svg Color wire blue.svg Color wire green.svg
South Africa Color wire red.svg, Color wire white.svg or Color wire yellow.svg, Color wire blue.svg Color wire black.svg Color wire green yellow.svg
Color wire bare copper.svg bare conductor, sleeved at terminations
هند و پاکستان Color wire red.svg, Color wire blue.svg, Color wire yellow.svg Color wire black.svg Color wire green.svg
ایالات متحده Color wire black.svg, Color wire red.svg, Color wire blue.svg (120/208/240 V)
(brass)
Color wire brown.svg, Color wire orange.svg, Color wire yellow.svg (277/480 V)
Color wire white.svg (120/208/240 V) (silver)
Color wire grey.svg(277/480 V)
Color wire green.svg (green)
Color wire bare copper.svg bare conductor
Color wire green yellow.svg (ground or isolated ground)
کانادا Color wire red.svg, Color wire black.svg (120/208/240 V)
Color wire red.svg, Color wire black.svg, Color wire blue.svg (600/347 V)
Color wire orange.svg, Color wire brown.svg (single phase isolated systems)
Color wire orange.svg, Color wire brown.svg, Color wire yellow.svg (three phase isolated systems)
Color wire white.svg (120/208/240 V)
Color wire white.svg (600/347 V)
Color wire green.svg(green)
Color wire bare copper.svg bare conductor
Color wire green.svg (isolated ground)
تذکرات:

Parenthesized colours in italics are used on metallic terminals. "Green/yellow" means green with yellow stripe. See illustrations nearby.

The colours in this table represent the most common and preferred standard colours for wiring; however others may be in use, especially in older installations.

Australian and New Zealand wiring standards allow both European and Australian colour codes. Australian-standard phase colours conflict with IEC 60446 colours, where IEC-60446 supported neutral colour (blue) is an allowed phase colour in the Australia/New Zealand standard. Care must be taken when determining system used in existing wiring.

Canadian and American wiring practices are very similar, with ongoing harmonization efforts.

جستارهای وابسته[ویرایش]

منابع[ویرایش]