ثبت حق تکثیر

از ویکی‌پدیا، دانشنامهٔ آزاد
پرش به: ناوبری، جستجو
The pre-1978 indices to the copyright records are available for public inspection at the Library of Congress.

ثبت حق تکثیر (به انگلیسی: Copyright registration) به عمل ثبت داده‌هایی در باره حق تکثیر آثار می‌گویند که در مواقع نقض قوانین حق تکثیر یا دستبرد فکری استفاده می‌شوند.

آیا ثبت اثر لازم است؟[ویرایش]

آثار در چه مکانی ثبت می‌شوند؟[ویرایش]

دفتر حق تکثیر ایالات متحده آمریکا از جمله مکان‌هایی است که عمل ثبت را انجام می‌دهد.

نیازمندی‌ها بر اساس نام کشور[ویرایش]

Copyright Registration by Country
Country Registration Agency (if any) Copyright registration requirements
آلبانی Albanian Author’s Right Office Voluntary.[۱] Registration is acceptable in court as evidence of author's right.[۲]
آنتیگوا و باربودا None Not required. No voluntary procedure available.[۳]
آرژانتین Ministry of Justice, Security, and Human Rights Voluntary. Registration serves as presumption of authorship and date of creation.[۴]
استرالیا None Not required. No voluntary procedure available.[۵]
بلاروس National Center of Intellectual Property Voluntary. May establish evidence of date of creation and a presumption of ownership.[نیازمند منبع]
برزیل Various, depending on subject matter[۶] Voluntary. Registration may help to provide evidence of authorship and which may aid in certifying precedence in the case of two similar works.[۷]
کانادا Canadian Intellectual Property Office Voluntary. Registration is evidence of ownership in an infringement case.[۸]
جمهوری خلق چین National Copyright Administration Voluntary. Recommended, especially for software.[۹]
دانمارک None Not required. No voluntary procedure available.[۱۰]
مصر None Not required. No voluntary procedure available.[۱۱]
فرانسه Office of Literacy and Artistic Property Voluntary, may establish evidence of date of creation and a presumption of ownership.[۱۲]
آلمان None Not required. No voluntary procedure available.[۱۳]
هند Copyright Office Voluntary, establishes prima facie evidence of the facts contained on the registration certificate and may be used in court as proof of those facts.[۱۴]
اسرائیل None Not required. No voluntary procedure available.[۱۵]
جامائیکا None - The Intellectual Property Services Centre is a non-profit organization that provides private registration services and is recommended by the Jamaican Intellectual Property Office for that purpose[۱۶] Not officially available, though voluntary registration through the Intellectual Property Services Centre provides rebuttable evidence of authorship and/or ownership. The Jamaican Intellectual Property Office officially recommends the practice of "poor man's copyright" to provide evidence of ownership and creation date.[۱۶]
ژاپن Agency for Cultural Affairs Voluntary, establishes presumption of facts contained in registration for use in court.[۱۷]
کنیا Kenya Copyright Board Voluntary, establishes prima facie evidence of the facts contained on the registration certificate and may be used in court as proof of those facts
لیتوانی None Not required. No voluntary procedure available.[۱۸]
مکزیک National Copyrights Institute Voluntary, establishes prima facie evidence of ownership.[۱۹]
پرتغال Inspeção Geral das Atividades Culturais Voluntary, offers refutable presumption of copyright and ownership.[۲۰]
روسیه Rospatent Voluntary registration available for computer programs and databases.[۲۱]
اسپانیا Ministry of Culture Voluntary, offers refutable presumption of copyright and ownership, but not required to file suit for infringement.[۲۲]
سوئد None Not required. No voluntary procedure available.[۲۳]
ترکیه Ministry of Culture Required for cinematographic works and phonograms, voluntary for all other works. Registration may be used as evidence.[۲۴]
اوکراین National Office of Intellectual Property Voluntary.[۲۵]
بریتانیا None Not required. No voluntary procedure available.[۲۶]
ایالات متحده آمریکا دفتر حق تکثیر ایالات متحده آمریکا Not required to obtain copyright protection, but required for domestic copyright owners to bring a suit for copyright infringement in federal court. Not required for a federal court's subject-matter jurisdiction, however, as established through the Supreme Court decision in Reed Elsevier, Inc. v. Muchnick.[۲۷][۲۸] Registration establishes prima facie evidence of facts contained in registration certificate if made within five years of first publication. Copyright owners are precluded from collecting statutory damages and/or attorney's fees for any infringement occurring before registration.[۲۹] Foreign copyright owners are not required to register before suing for copyright infringement, but at least one court has held that they are subject to the same preclusion of statutory damages as domestic authors.[۳۰]

منابع[ویرایش]

  1. On Copyright and other rights related with it, Law No.9380 of 28.04.2005 (Albania) Nuvola-inspired File Icons for MediaWiki-fileicon-doc.pngDOC
  2. On Creation and Working of Albanian Author's Right Office, Decision No. 232 of 19.04.2006 (Albania) Nuvola-inspired File Icons for MediaWiki-fileicon-doc.pngDOC
  3. Copyright Act, 2003 (Antigua and Barbuda)
  4. Argentina - Benefits of Registration (Spanish)
  5. How You Get Copyright, Australian Copyright Council
  6. http://www.cultura.gov.br/site/2008/03/08/orgaos-de-registro-de-obras-intelectuais/
  7. Azevedo, Rodrigo. "Chap. 6: Brazil". In Silke von Lewinski. Copyright Throughout the World (December 2009 ed.). 
  8. CIPO - Registration of Copyright
  9. Ganea, Peter. "Chap. 8: People's Republic of China". In Silke von Lewinski. Copyright Throughout the World (December 2009 ed.). 
  10. Copyright, Act, 14/06/1995, No. 395 (Denmark)
  11. Makeen, Makeen. "Chap. 14: Egypt". In Silke von Lewinski. Copyright Throughout the World (December 2009 ed.). 
  12. Sirinelli, Pierre. "Chap. 15: France". In Silke von Lewinski. Copyright Throughout the World (December 2009 ed.). 
  13. Thum, Dorothy. "Chap. 16: Germany". In Silke von Lewinski. Copyright Throughout the World (December 2009 ed.). 
  14. Anand, Pravin; Reddy, Prashant. "Chap. 19: India". In Silke von Lewinski. Copyright Throughout the World (December 2009 ed.). 
  15. Greenman, Tony. "Chap. 20: Israel". In Silke von Lewinski. Copyright Throughout the World (December 2009 ed.). 
  16. ۱۶٫۰ ۱۶٫۱ JIPO - Copyright and Related Rights
  17. Ueno, Tatsuhiro. "Chap. 22: Japan". In Silke von Lewinski. Copyright Throughout the World (December 2009 ed.). 
  18. Mizaras, Vytautas. "Chap. 24: Lithuania". In Silke von Lewinski. Copyright Throughout the World (December 2009 ed.). 
  19. Schmidt, Luis. "Chap. 25: Mexico". In Silke von Lewinski. Copyright Throughout the World (December 2009 ed.). 
  20. Leitão, Luís. "Chap. 14: Portugal". In Almedina. Direito de Autor (2011 ed.). 
  21. Savelieva, Irina. "Chap. 30: Russian Federation". In Silke von Lewinski. Copyright Throughout the World (December 2009 ed.). 
  22. Xalabarder, Raquel. "Chap. 35: Spain". In Silke von Lewinski. Copyright Throughout the World (December 2009 ed.). 
  23. Cederlund, Karin; Axhamn, Johan. "Chap. 36: Sweden". In Silke von Lewinski. Copyright Throughout the World (December 2009 ed.). 
  24. Nal, Temel. "Chap. 39: Turkey". In Silke von Lewinski. Copyright Throughout the World (December 2009 ed.). 
  25. The Law on Copyright and Related Rights
  26. Best, Hubert. "Chap. 40: United Kingdom". In Silke von Lewinski. Copyright Throughout the World (December 2009 ed.). 
  27. Elsevier, Inc. v. Muchnick Supreme Court Opinion
  28. "Trying to Curb "Drive-By Jurisdictional Rulings": Supreme Court Clarifies Purpose of Registration Requirement in Copyright Cases" by Moses Heyward
  29. 17 U.S.C. § 412
  30. Football Association Premier League Ltd. v. YouTube Inc., No. 07 Civ. 3582, (S.D.N.Y. July 3, 2009)

مشارکت‌کنندگان ویکی‌پدیا، «Copyright registration»، ویکی‌پدیای انگلیسی، دانشنامهٔ آزاد.