ترک‌های آلمان

از ویکی‌پدیا، دانشنامهٔ آزاد
پرش به: ناوبری، جستجو
ترک‌های آلمان
Almanya Türkleri
Aslı Bayram Ekin Deligöz Fatih Akın
Nazan Eckes İlkay Gündoğan Django Asül
Atiye Deniz Bahar Kızıl Kool Savas
Mehmet Scholl Serdar Tasci Mesut Özil
جمعیت کل
۱٬۶۲۹٬۴۸۰ (شهروندان ترکیه، در ۲۰۱۰)

۲٬۵۰۰٬۰۰۰۴٬۰۰۰٬۰۰۰ (ساکنان در آلمان با حداقل یکی از والدین ترک)[۱]

حدود ۵٪ از کل جمعیت آلمان[۲]

مناطق دارای جمعیت قابل توجه
ایالت نوردراین-وستفالن • اشتوتگارت • مونیخ • برلین • فرانکفورت
زبان‌ها

آلمانی • ترکی استانبولی

ترک‌های آلمان (آلمانی: Deutsch-Türken، ترکی استانبولی: Almanya Türkleri) شامل افراد ترک تبار متولد آلمان، ترک های مهاجرت کرده به آلمان می شوند. که عموماً از ترکیه به آلمان کوچ کردند. ترک‌های آلمانی بزرگترین اقلیت قومی در آلمان را تشکیل می‌دهند.[۳][۴][۵] تخمین جمعیتی ترک‌های آلمان بین ۲٫۵-۲٫۷ میلیون،[۶] ۲٫۷ میلیون،[۷] ۳٫۵ میلیون[۸] و بیش از ۴ میلیون ترک شهروند آلمانی یک رگه و دورگه در این کشور زندگی می‌کنند.[۹][۱۰] و ۴٪-۵٪ از کل جمعیت آلمان را تشکیل می‌دهند.[۲]

ترک‌های سرشناس آلمان[ویرایش]

پانویس[ویرایش]

  1. According to the definition of the German Federal Office of Statistics (Statistisches Bundesamt: "Zu den Menschen mit Migrationshintergrund zählen alle nach 1949 auf das heutige Gebiet der Bundesrepublik Deutschland Zugewanderten, sowie alle in Deutschland geborenen Ausländer und alle in Deutschland als Deutsche Geborenen mit zumindest einem zugewanderten oder als Ausländer in Deutschland geborenen Elternteil" ("Counted as people with immigrational background are all people who, after 1949, immigrated to the present territory of the Federal Republic of Germany, as well as everybody born as German citizen in Germany with at least one parent who immigrated to or was born as a foreigner in Germany.")
  2. ۲٫۰ ۲٫۱ Younge, Gary (15 March 2011). "Germans still struggling to resolve issues of race". The Guardian (London). Retrieved 2012-03-15. 
  3. Schulte-Peevers et al. ۲۰۰۷, ۴۹.
  4. Levinson ۱۹۹۸, ۳۷.
  5. Horrocks &amp Kolinsky ۱۹۹۶, ۱۷.
  6. Bundesministerium des Inneren: Zusammenfassung "Muslimisches Leben in Deutschland", p. 2
  7. Liljeberg Research International: Deutsch-Türkische Lebens und Wertewelten 2012, July/August 2012, p. 8
  8. Embassy of the Federal Republic of Germany London. "Turkey: strategically important partner". Retrieved 2010-09-08. 
  9. Kötter et al. ۲۰۰۳, ۵۵.
  10. Haviland et al. ۲۰۱۰, ۶۷۵.

منابع[ویرایش]

  • Al-Shahi, Ahmed; Lawless, Richard (2005), Middle East and North African immigrants in Europe, Routledge, ISBN 0-415-34830-7 .
  • Anderson, Malcolm (2000), States and Nationalism in Europe Since 1945, Routledge, ISBN 0-415-19558-6 .
  • ATCA News (2010), Press statement by ATCA’s UK arm on an article written in The Guardian by Mr. Robert Ellis on the 3rd March 2010, http://www.atcanews.org/ 
  • Barbieri, William (1998), Ethics of Citizenship: Immigration and Group Rights in Germany, Duke University Press, ISBN 0-8223-2071-1 .
  • Berlin-Institut (2009), Zur Lage der Integration in Deutschland, http://www.berlin-institut.org: Retrieved on July 3rd 2009 
  • Bernstein, Eckhard (2004), Culture and Customs of Germany, Greenwood Publishing Group, ISBN 0-313-32203-1 .
  • Bade, Klaus; Brown, Allison (2003), Migration in European History, Wiley-Blackwell, ISBN 0-631-18939-4 .
  • Böer, Ingeborg; Haerkötter, Ruth; Kappert, Petra; Adatepe, Sabine (2002), Türken in Berlin 1871-1945: eine Metropole in den Erinnerungen osmanischer und türkischer Zeitzeugen, Walter de Gruyter, ISBN 3-11-017465-0 .
  • Byrnes, Timothy; Katzenstein, Peter (2006), Religion in an Expanding Europe, Cambridge University Press, ISBN 0-521-85926-3 .
  • Clogg, Richard (2002), Minorities in Greece: Aspects of a Plural Society, C. Hurst & Co. Publishers, ISBN 1-85065-705-X .
  • Clutterbuck, Richard (1990), Terrorism, Drugs, and Crime in Europe: After 1992, Routledge, ISBN 0-415-05443-5 .
  • Cook, Bernard (2001), Europe since 1945: An Encyclopedia, Garland, ISBN 0-8153-4058-3 .
  • Cornelius, Wayne; Martin, Philip; Hollifield, James (1994), Controlling Immigration: A Global Perspective, Stanford University Press, ISBN 0-8047-2498-9 .
  • Council of Europe: Parliamentary Assembly (2007), Parliamentary Assembly: Working Papers 2007 Ordinary Session 22–26 January 2007, Council of Europe, ISBN 92-871-6191-7 .
  • Dettke, Dieter (2003), The Spirit of the Berlin Republic, Berghahn Books, ISBN 1-57181-343-8 .
  • Dummett, Michael (2001), On Immigration and Refugees, Routledge, ISBN 0-415-22707-0 .
  • Duvier, Janine (2009), Immigration and Integration in Germany and England, http://www.lse.ac.uk/: London School of Economics 
  • Erdem, Kutay (2007), Ethnic Marketing for Turks in Germany - Influences on the Attitude Towards Ethnic Marketing, GRIN Verlag, ISBN 3-638-71143-9 .
  • Eryılmaz, Aytaç (2002), 40 years in Germany: At Home Abroad, http://www.tusiad.us: Retrieved on June 5th 2009 
  • Esposito, John; Burgat, François (2003), Modernizing Islam: Religion in the Public Sphere in the Middle East and Europe, C. Hurst & Co. Publishers, ISBN 1-85065-678-9 .
  • Faist, Thomas (2000), The Volume and Dynamics of International Migration and Transnational Social Spaces, Oxford University Press, ISBN 0-19-829726-2 .
  • Findley, Carter (2005), The Turks in World History, Oxford University Press US, ISBN 0-19-517726-6 .
  • Friedmann, John (2002), The Prospect of Cities, University of Minnesota Press, ISBN 0-8166-3884-5 .
  • Gogolin, Ingrid (2002), Linguistic Diversity and New Minorities in Europe, Retrieved on July 29th 2009 .
  • Gülalp, Haldun (2006), Citizenship and Ethnic Conflict: Challenging the Nation-State, Taylor & Francis, ISBN 0-415-36897-9 .
  • Gülçiçek, Ali Riza (2006), The Turkish presence in Europe: Migrant Workers and New European Citizens, http://assembly.coe.int/: Parliamentary Assembly 
  • Hancock, Andrew; Hermeling, Susanne; Landon, John; Young, Andrea (2006), Building on Language Diversity with Young Children: Teacher Education for the Support of Second Language Acquisition, LIT Verlag Berlin-Hamburg-Münster, ISBN 3-8258-9786-9 .
  • Haviland, William A.; Prins, Harald E. L.; Walrath, Dana; McBride, Bunny (2010), Anthropology: The Human Challenge, Cengage Learning, ISBN 0-495-81084-3 .
  • Heine, Peter; Syed, Aslam (2005), Muslimische Philanthropie und bürgerschaftliches Engagement, Maecenata Verlag, ISBN 3-935975-40-6 .
  • Horrocks, David; Kolinsky, Eva (1996), Turkish Culture in German Society Today (Culture & Society in Germany), Berghahn Books, ISBN 1-57181-047-1 .
  • Hunter, Shireen (2002), Islam, Europe's Second Religion: The New Social, Cultural, and Political Landscape, Greenwood Publishing Group, ISBN 0-275-97608-4 .
  • Inda, Jonathan; Rosaldo, Renato (2008), The Anthropology of Globalization: A Reader, Wiley-Blackwell, ISBN 1-4051-3612-X .
  • Jaques, Tony (2006), Dictionary of Battles and Sieges [Three Volumes]: A Guide to 8,500 Battles from Antiquity Through the Twenty-First Century, Greenwood Publishing Group, ISBN 0-313-33536-2 .
  • Jenkins, Philip (2007), God's Continent: Christianity, Islam, and Europe's Religious Crisis, Oxford University Press US, ISBN 0-19-531395-X .
  • Jerome, Roy; Kimmel, Michael (2001), Conceptions of Postwar German Masculinity, State University of New York Press, ISBN 0-7914-4937-8 .
  • Kastoryano, Riva; Harshav, Barbara (2002), Negotiating Identities: States and Immigrants in France and Germany, Princeton University Press, ISBN 0-691-01015-3 .
  • Katzner, Kenneth (2002), The Languages of the World, Routledge, ISBN 0-415-25003-X .
  • Kötter, I; Vonthein, R; Günaydin, I; Müller, C; Kanz, L; Zierhut, M; Stübiger, N (2003), "Behçet's Disease in Patients of German and Turkish Origin- A Comparative Study", in Zouboulis, Christos (ed.), Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology, Volume 528, Springer, ISBN 0-306-47757-2 .
  • Lee, Martin (1999), The Beast Reawakens, Taylor & Francis, ISBN 0-415-92546-0 .
  • Legge, Jerome (2003), Jews, Turks, and other Strangers: The Roots of Prejudice in Modern Germany, University of Wisconsin Press, ISBN 0-299-18400-5 .
  • Levinson, David (1998), Ethnic Groups Worldwide: A Ready Reference Handbook, Greenwood Publishing Group, ISBN 1-57356-019-7 .
  • Lewis, Rand (1996), The Neo-Nazis and German Unification, Greenwood Publishing, ISBN 0-275-95638-5 .
  • Lucassen, Leo (2005), The Immigrant Threat: The Integration of Old and New Migrants in Western Europe Since 1850, University of Illinois Press, ISBN 0-252-03046-X .
  • Migdal, Joel S. (2004), Boundaries and belonging: states and societies in the struggle to shape identities and local practices, Cambridge University Press, ISBN 0-521-83566-6 .
  • Mitchell, Don (2000), Cultural Geography: A Critical Introduction, Wiley-Blackwell, ISBN 1-55786-892-1 .
  • Moch, Leslie (2003), Moving Europeans: Migration in Western Europe Since 1650, Indiana University Press, ISBN 0-253-21595-1 .
  • Nathans, Eli (2004), The Politics of Citizenship in Germany: Ethnicity, Utility and Nationalism, Berg Publishers, ISBN 1-85973-781-1 .
  • Nees, Greg (2000), Germany: Unraveling an Enigma, Intercultural Press, ISBN 1-877864-75-7 .
  • Nielsen, Jørgen (1999), Towards a European Islam, Palgrave Macmillan, ISBN 0-312-22143-6 .
  • Nielsen, Jørgen (2004), Muslims in Western Europe, Edinburgh University Press, ISBN 0-7486-1844-9 .
  • O'Reilly, Camille (2001), Language, Ethnicity and the State: Minority languages in the European Union, Palgrave Macmillan, ISBN 0-333-92925-X .
  • Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (2008), International Migration Outlook: SOPEMI 2008, OECD Publishing, ISBN 92-64-04565-1 .
  • Østergaard-Nielsen, Eva (2003), Transnational politics: Turks and Kurds in Germany, Routledge, ISBN 0-415-26586-X .
  • Ramet, Sabrina (1999), The Radical Right in Central and Eastern Europe Since 1989, Penn State Press, ISBN 0-271-01811-9 .
  • Ramm, Christoph (2005), Construction of Identity beyond Recognized Borders: The Turkish Cypriot Community between Cyprus, Turkey and the European Union, http://www.sant.ox.ac.uk/ 
  • Schissler, Hanna (2000), The Miracle Years: A Cultural History of West Germany, 1949-1968, Princeton University Press, ISBN 0-691-05820-2 .
  • Schönwälder, Karen; Ohliger, Rainer; Triadafilopoulos, Triadafilos (2003), European Encounters: Migrants, Migration, and European Societies Since 1945, Ashgate Publishing, ISBN 0-7546-3086-2 .
  • Schulte-Peevers, Andrea; Haywood, Anthony; Johnstone, Sarah; Gray, Jeremy; Daniel, Robinson (2007), Germany, Lonely Planet, ISBN 1-74059-988-8 .
  • Sirkeci, Ibrahim (2006), The Environment of Insecurity in Turkey and the Emigratioon of Turkish Kurds to Germany, New York and Lampeter: Edwin Mellen Press, ISBN 978-0-7734-5739-3 .
  • Şen, Faruk (2002), Forty years Later: Turkish Immigrants in Germany, http://www.tusiad.us: Retrieved on June 5th 2009 
  • Shadid, W.A.R; van Koningsveld, P.S (1996), Political Participation and Identities of Muslims in non-Muslim States, Peeters Publishers, ISBN 90-390-0611-3 .
  • Smith, Michael; Eade, John (2008), Transnational Ties: Cities, Migrations, and Identities, Transaction Publishers, ISBN 1-4128-0806-5 .
  • Solsten, Eric (1999), Germany: A Country Study, DIANE Publishing, ISBN 0-7881-8179-3 .
  • Staab, Andreas (1998), National Identity in Eastern Germany: Inner Unification or Continued Separation?, Greenwood Publishing Group, ISBN 0-275-96177-X .
  • Statistisches Bundesamt (2009), Statistical Yearbook 2009 For the Federal Republic of Germany, http://www.destatis.de/: Statistisches Bundesamt, Wiesbaden, ISBN 978-3-8246-0839-3 
  • Westerlund, David; Svanberg, Ingvar (1999), Islam Outside the Arab World, Palgrave Macmillan, ISBN 0-312-22691-8 .

پیوند به بیرون[ویرایش]

جستجو در ویکی‌انبار در ویکی‌انبار پرونده‌هایی دربارهٔ ترک‌های آلمان موجود است.