الگو:Smallcaps

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{{{1}}}

نشان توضیحات توضیحات الگو [ویرایش] [تاریخچه] [پاکسازی میانگیر]

{{Smallcaps}} will display the lowercase part of your text as a soft format of typographical small caps.
For example: {{smallcaps|Beware of Dog}} → Beware of Dog.

This template should be avoided or used sparingly, as the Manual of Style advises that small caps should be avoided and reduced to one of the other title cases or normal case and markup should be kept simple.

Usage[ویرایش]

Your source text is not altered in the output, only the way it is displayed on the screen: a copy-paste of the text will give the small caps sections in their original form; similarly, an older or non-CSS browser will only display the original text on screen.

Code  
{{Smallcaps|Your Text in 4004 bc}}
Displayed
Your Text in 4004 BC
Pasted  
Your Text in 4004 BC

This template is therefore intended for the use of caps as a typographic style, such as rendering family names in bibliographies in small caps to distinguish them from given names. It should not be used for acronyms or abbreviations which are supposed to be capitalized regardless of style. For such cases, use {{Smallcaps all}}.

Notes[ویرایش]

  • Diacritics (å, ç, é, ğ, ı, ñ, ø, ş, ü, etc.) are handled. However, because the job is performed by each reader's browser, inconsistencies in برگه‌های سبک آبشاری implementations can lead to some browsers not converting certain rare diacritics.
  • Use of this template does not generate any automatic categorization. As with most templates, if the argument contains an = sign, the sign should be replaced with {{=}}, or the whole argument be prefixed with 1=. And for wikilinks, you need to use piping. There is a parsing problem with MediaWiki which causes unexpected behavior when a template with one style is used within a template with another style.
  • There is a problem with I نقطه‌دار و بی‌نقطه. {{Lang|tr|{{Smallcaps|ı i}}}} gives you ı i, although the language is set to Turkish.
  • Do not use this inside citation templates citation templates, or this template's markup will be included in the COinS metadata. This means that reference management software such as زوترو will store the markup. For example, if {{smallcaps}} is used to format the surname of Bloggs, Joe in {{cite journal}}, then Zotero will store the name as <span style="font-variant:small-caps;">Bloggs</span>, Joe. This is correct and incorrect COinS metadata.

Code examples[ویرایش]

Code Display (screen)
✓ {{Smallcaps|The ''Name'' of the 2nd Game}} The Name of the 2nd Game
✓ Leonardo {{Smallcaps|DiCaprio}} (born 1974) Leonardo DiCaprio (born 1974)
✓ José {{Smallcaps|Álvarez de Toledo y Gonzaga}} José Álvarez de Toledo y Gonzaga
✓ {{Smallcaps|Nesbø, Vågen, Louÿs, Zúñiga, Kabaağaçlı}} Nesbø, Vågen, Louÿs, Zúñiga, Kabaağaçlı
When your text uses an = sign:
Red XN {{Smallcaps|You and Me = Us}} {{{1}}}
✓ {{Smallcaps|You and Me &#61; Us}} You and Me = Us
✓ {{Smallcaps|You and Me {{=}} Us}} You and Me = Us
✓ {{Smallcaps|1=You and Me = Us}} You and Me = Us
When your text uses a template:
Red XN in {{Smallcaps|Fiddler's {{Green{{!}}Green}}}} forever Green}} forever
✓ in {{Smallcaps|1=Fiddler's {{Green|Green}}}} forever in Fiddler's Green forever
✓ in {{Smallcaps|Fiddler's {{Green|Green}}}} forever in Fiddler's Green forever
✓ {{Green|1=in {{Smallcaps|Fiddler's Green}} forever}} in Fiddler's Green forever
✓ {{Colors|green|yellow|3=in {{Smallcaps|Fiddler's Green}} forever}} in Fiddler's Green forever
When your text uses a | pipe:
Red XN {{Smallcaps|Before|afteR}} Before
Red XN {{Smallcaps|1=Before{{!}}afteR}} afteR
✓ {{Smallcaps|Before&#124;afteR}} Before|afteR
When your text uses a link:
Red XN [[{{Smallcaps|Mao}} Zedong]] [[Mao Zedong]]
✓ [[مائو تسه‌تونگ]] مائو تسه‌تونگ

Note that most of these uses are not sanctioned by the [[WP:Manual of Style] and should be avoided in article prose.

Reasons to use small caps[ویرایش]

Small caps are useful for encyclopedical and typographical uses including:

To lighten ALL-CAPS surnames mandated by citation styles such as Harvard
  • Piccadilly has been compared to "a Parisian boulevard" (Dickens 1879).
  • Dickens, C., Jr (1879). "Piccadilly" in Dickens's Dictionary of London. London: C. Dickens.[۱]
To disambiguate Western names and surnames at a glance
To disambiguate Eastern surnames and given names at a glance
Especially in Hong Kong and Macao, a Western given name may be added as well:
To cite یونی‌کد character names correctly without unwanted emphasizing
  • Such names are required to be written in capitals by the Unicode standard. In running text, “U+022A latin capital letter o with diaeresis and macron” is a less predominant alternative to “U+022A LATIN CAPITAL LETTER O WITH DIAERESIS AND MACRON”.

Technical[ویرایش]

Technically, the template merely wraps the standard:

<span style="font-variant:small-caps;"> ... </span>

(The "font-variant:small-caps;text-transform:lowercase" has not been used because it does not work at least in Internet Explorer 5 and 6, which are still fairly common browsers.)

Suppressing small caps[ویرایش]

If you wish to suppress the display of small caps in your browser, as a logged in user, you can make an edit to your common.css reading

span.smallcaps { font-variant: normal !important; }

See also[ویرایش]

Templates that change the display (copy-paste will get the original text):

  • {{Allcaps}} – upper-case display
  • {{Nocaps}} – lower-case display
  • {{Smallcaps}} – small-caps display
  • {{Smallcaps all}} – hard-formatted small-caps display
  • {{Fixcaps}} – capitalizes words {{fixcaps|pLAy/tHE/GamE}} → Play&#32;the&#32;Game&#32;

Magic words that rewrite the output (copy-paste will get the text as displayed):

  • {{lc:}} – lower case output of the full text
  • {{uc:}} – upper case output of the full text
  • {{lcfirst:}} – lower case output of the first character only
  • {{ucfirst:}} – upper case output of the first character only