آمریکایی‌ها

از ویکی‌پدیا، دانشنامهٔ آزاد
پرش به: ناوبری، جستجو
آمریکایی‌ها
Flag of the United States.svg
پرچم ایالات متحده آمریکا
جمعیت کل
۳۰۸٬۷۴۵٬۵۳۸[۱]
سرشماری ۲۰۱۰ ایالات متحده آمریکا
مناطق دارای جمعیت قابل توجه
ایالات متحده آمریکا        ۳۱۹٬۱۰۴٬۰۰۰[۲]
برآوردهای فعلی جمعیت
مکزیک ۷۳۸٬۱۰۰–۱٬۰۰۰٬۰۰۰ [۳][۴]
کانادا ۳۱۶٬۳۵۰–۱٬۰۰۰٬۰۰۰ [۵][۶]
فیلیپین ۳۰۰٬۰۰۰ [۷]
اسرائیل ۲۰۰٬۰۰۰ [۸][۹]
بریتانیا ۱۳۹٬۰۰۰–۱۹۷٬۱۴۳ [۱۰][۱۱]
لیبریا ۱۶۰٬۰۰۰ [۱۲]
کاستاریکا ۱۳۰٬۰۰۰ [۱۳]
کره جنوبی ۱۲۰٬۰۰۰–۱۵۸٬۰۰۰ [۱۴]
فرانسه ۱۰۰٬۰۰۰ [۱۵]
آلمان ۹۹٬۶۰۰ [۱۶]
چین ۷۱٬۴۹۳ [۱۷]
برزیل ۷۰٬۰۰۰ [۱۸]
هنگ کنگ ۶۰٬۰۰۰ [۱۹]
هندوستان ۶۰٬۰۰۰ [۲۰]
استرالیا ۵۶٬۲۷۶ [۲۱]
ژاپن ۵۱٬۳۲۱ [۲۲]
ایتالیا ۵۰٬۰۰۰ [۲۳]
عربستان سعودی ۴۰٬۰۰۰ [۲۴]
آرژانتین ۳۷٬۰۰۰ [۲۵]
نروژ ۳۳٬۵۰۹ [۲۶]
باهاما ۳۰٬۰۰۰ [۲۷]
لبنان ۲۵٬۰۰۰ [۲۸]
پاناما ۲۵٬۰۰۰ [۲۹]
نیوزلند ۱۷٬۷۵۱ [۳۰]
هندوراس ۱۵٬۰۰۰ [۳۱]
شیلی ۱۲٬۰۰۰ [۳۲]
جمهوری خلق چین ۱۰٬۶۴۵ [۳۳]
برمودا ۸٬۰۰۰ [۳۴]
کویت ۸٬۰۰۰ [۳۵]
زبان‌ها

اکثریت انگلیسی, همچنین اسپانیایی و دیگر زبان‌ها

دین

مسیحیت (پروتستانتیسم, کلیسای کاتولیک, و مورمون)[۳۶]
بی‌دینی (ندانم‌گرایی و بی‌خدایی)[۳۶]
ادیان غیرمسیحی (یهودیت و دیگر ادیان)[۳۶]

آمریکایی‌ها (به انگلیسی: Americans) یا مردم آمریکا (به انگلیسی: American people) به اهالی کشور ایالات متحده آمریکا اعم از بومی و دارندگان شهروندی این کشور گفته می‌شود.[۳۷][۳۸] آمریکایی‌ها بر پایه شهروندی طبقه بندی می‌شوند در صورتی که از قومیت‌ها و ملیت‌های مختلفی تشکیل شده‌اند.[۳۹] به غیر از جمعیت بومی آمریکا، به طور کلی همه آمریکایی‌ها و یا اجدادشان در پنج قرن گذشته به آمریکا مهاجرت کرده‌اند.[۴۰] با وجود ترکیب چند قومی آن[۴۱][۴۲]، فرهنگ مشترک اکثر آمریکایی‌ها به عنوان فرهنگ غالب آمریکا، فرهنگ غربی تا حد زیادی از سنت‌های مهاجران اروپای غربی و شمالی ترکیب شده را، می‌توان اشاره کرد.[۴۱]

علاوه بر این آمریکایی‌ها و مردمان با تبار آمریکایی ایالات متحده در سطوح بین‌المللی و در سایر کشورها زندگی می‌کنند. همانطور که بسیاری از آنان در کشورهای قاره آمریکای لاتین، شمالی، اروپا و نیز آسیا و اقیانوسیه پراکنده شده‌اند که برآورد مهاجرین آمریکایی چیزی در حدود سه تا هفت میلیون نفر تخمین زده می‌شود، در خارج از کشور زندگی می‌کنند. و به عنوان آمریکایی‌های دور از وطن شناخته می‌شوند.[۴۳][۴۴][۴۵]

منابع[ویرایش]

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  3. People live in Mexico, INEGI, 2010
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  5. "Ethnic origins, 2006 counts, for Canada, provinces and territories - 20% sample data". Statistics Canada. Government of Canada. June 10, 2010. Retrieved February 17, 2013. "Ethnic origins Americans Total responses 316,350" 
  6. Barrie McKenna (June 27, 2012). "Tax amnesty offered to Americans in Canada". The Globe and Mail (Ottawa). Retrieved December 17, 2012. "There are roughly a million Americans in Canada – many with little or no ties to the United States." 
  7. "U.S. Relations With the Philippines". Bureau of East Asian and Pacific Affairs. United States Department of State. September 10, 2012. Retrieved December 11, 2012. "There are an estimated four million Americans of Philippine ancestry in the United States, and more than 300,000 U.S. citizens in the Philippines." 
  8. Daphna Berman (January 23, 2008). "Need an appointment at the U.S. Embassy? Get on line!". Haaretz. Retrieved December 11, 2012. "According to estimates, some 200,000 American citizens live in Israel and the Palestinian territories." 
  9. Michele Chabin (March 19, 2012). "In vitro babies denied U.S. citizenship". USA Today (Jerusalem). Retrieved December 11, 2012. "Most of the 200,000 U.S. citizens in Israel have dual citizenship, and fertility treatments are common because they are free." 
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  14. "U.S. Citizen Services". Embassy of the United States Seoul, Korea. United States Department of State. Retrieved December 11, 2012. "This website is updated daily and should be your primary resource when applying for a passport, Consular Report of Birth Abroad, notarization, or any of the other services we offer to the estimated 120,000 U.S. citizens traveling, living, and working in Korea." 
    "North Korea propganda video depicts invasion of South Korea, US hostage taking". Advertiser. Agence France-Presse. 22 March 2013. Retrieved 23 March 2013. "According to official immigration figures, South Korea has an American population of more than 130,000 civilians and 28,000 troops." 
  15. "Americans in France". Embassy of the United States, Paris. United States Department of STate. Retrieved December 11, 2012. "Today, although no official figure is available, it is estimated that over 100,000 American citizens reside in France, making France one of the top 10 destinations for American expatriates." 
  16. Statische Bundesamt Deutschland
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  18. "Brazil (11/30/11)". Previous Editions of Brazil Background Note. United States Department of State. November 30, 2012. Retrieved December 11, 2012. "The consular section of the embassy, the consulates, and the consular agents provide vital services to the estimated 70,000 U.S. citizens residing in Brazil." 
  19. "Hong Kong (10/11/11)". Previous Editions of Hong Kong Background Note. United States Department of State. October 11, 2011. Retrieved December 11, 2012. "There are some 1,400 U.S. firms, including 817 regional operations (288 regional headquarters and 529 regional offices), and over 60,000 American residents in Hong Kong." 
  20. Barry Bearak; Seth Mydans (June 8, 2002). "Many Americans, Unfazed, Go On Doing Business in India". New York Times. Retrieved December 17, 2012. "The number of Americans living in India is often estimated at 60,000." 
  21. ibid, Ancestry (full classification list) by Sex – Australia
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  25. "Argentina (03/12/12)". Previous Editions of Argentina Background Note. United States Department of State. March 12, 2012. Retrieved December 24, 2012. "The Embassy's Consular Section monitors the welfare and whereabouts of some 37,000 U.S. citizen residents of Argentina and more than 500,000 U.S. tourists each year." 
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  28. Kate King (July 18, 2006). "U.S. family: Get us out of Lebanon". CNN. Retrieved February 14, 2012. "About 350 of the estimated 25,000 American citizens in Lebanon had been flown to Cyprus from the U.S. Embassy in Beirut by nightfall Tuesday, Maura Harty, the assistant secretary of state for consular affairs, told reporters." 
  29. "Panama (03/09)". Previous Editions of Panama Background Note. United States Department of State. March 2009. Retrieved December 17, 2012. "About 25,000 American citizens reside in Panama, many retirees from the Panama Canal Commission and individuals who hold dual nationality." 
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  32. "Chile (07/08)". Previous Editions of Chile Background Note. United States Department of State. July 2008. Retrieved December 17, 2012. "The Consular Section of the Embassy provides vital services to the more than 12,000 U.S. citizens residing in Chile." 
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    Eder, Klaus; Giesen, Bernhard (2001). "American%20nationality"%20citizenship&pg=PA25#v=onepage&q="American%20nationality"%20citizenship&f=false European Citizenship: Between National Legacies and Postnational Projects. Oxford University Press. pp. 25–26. ISBN 9780199241200. Retrieved February 1, 2013. "In inter-state relations, the American nation state presents its members as a monistic political body-despite ethnic and national groups in the interior." 
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